H.G. WELLS AND BERTRAND RUSSELL:
The `No-Soul' Gang
Behind Reverend Moon's
Gnostic Sex Cult
by Larry Hecht
It is just that unwillingness to think evil, ... that may presently erase the British from the scroll of living significant peoples.
—H.G. Wells, Experiments in Autobiography
Back in the 1970s, when the Reverend Sun Myung Moon's Gnostic Sex-Cult Freak Show was in its mass recruiting phase, the "Moonies" were the American parent's worst nightmare. Moon was the zombie-maker, the body-snatcher, who came in the night—or when the children were away at college, and stole their souls away. There was much basis in fact for this fear, as anyone who had ever looked into the vacant eyes or attempted to converse with the vacated mind of a "Moonie" will recall.
Today, this lunatic leader of a mass cult is the titular head of a multitrillion-dollar, worldwide apparatus of government influence-peddling and control that knows no equal. Moon literally owns whole countries in South America and Asia. His apparatus is rapidly buying up the U.S. Congress, the Presidency, and all potential opposition forces of left, right, and center. Moon's stock-in-trade is cash and sex—lots of it. The cash comes from the worldwide drug- and gun-running operations, part of which came to the surface in the Iran-Contra scandal: cocaine from the South American trade run under cover of the Moon-linked CAUSA group; heroin from Afghanistan and the Far East, laundered through dirty-money operations of the Moon cult that overlapped Ollie North's extracurricular activities while at the National Security Council.
The sex is a specialty of Moon's own Gnostic "family" cult. Remember the Congressional Madam scandals of the 1970s, featuring Tong Sun Park and Suzy Park Thomson? That was just the tip of the iceberg of "The Reverend" Moon's sexual-favors operation. Military intelligence officers who investigated Unification Church operations in Washington in the 1970s and '80s, report that the recruitment device used on ranking, conservative political and military officials was to hold weekly orgies, arranged by Col. Bo Hi Pak, the Unification Church official who was a top officer of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA). The special treat at these affairs were the "Little Angels"—Korean schoolgirls brought over by Moon as a singing group. The photo files from these sessions are reported to be a powerful influence in certain circles to this very day.
But they didn't stop at Congressmen and high-ranking military. Moon now owns the religious right from Jerry Falwell to Gary Bauer, and has bought up most of the independent black ministers, the former base of the civil rights movement, to boot. Moon uses his ample supplies of money, gold-plated watches minted in his own factories, and his private stock of "Asian brides" for the most corrupt. Moon also owns a substantial chunk of the business operations of Louis Farrakhan's Nation of Islam. Farrakhan has been appearing regularly at Moon-sponsored events since 1996, in one case on the same podium with former Attorney General Richard Thornburgh, and former Vice President Dan Quayle. After the events of 9/11, Moon focused his sights on the traditional Muslim religious community, and is making inroads into mosques across America.
Moon also runs the central control points of world academic opinion. Through his International Conferences for the Unity of Science and Federation of World Professors, Moon pays six-digit honoraria to leading scientists, with emphasis on using their reputations to promote population control, artificial intelligence, and world federalism. Moon owns the second major daily in the national capital of the world's greatest power, the Washington Times, and the second largest wire service, United Press International. He controls industries around the world, ranging from food production and distribution to arms manufacture, including the original producers of the Thompson sub-machine gun.
Sen. Joseph Lieberman (D-Conn.) recently received the 2002 "Truman-Reagan Freedom Award" from the Moonie front group, the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. In 2000, Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) presided over the award presentation. The president of this Foundation, Lee Edwards, is the editor of the Sun Myung Moon magazine, The World and I. Its public liaison officer is society editor of Moon's Washington Times. Included on the National Advisory Council of this Moonie front are: former National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski; former Senators Robert Dole, Dennis DeConcini, and Claiborne Pell; former UN Ambassador and now head of the American Enterprise Institute Jeane Kirkpatrick; the head of the Heritage Foundation; and many more officials of "respectable" organizations and talking heads you see on television every day.
So Who, or What Is Moon?
So who really is the Rev. Sun Myung Moon, and what is behind him? The answer is not what you think. The Moon operation is not a simple case of penetration by a foreign intelligence agency. He is neither a right-wing conspiracy, nor a Communist plot, nor a creation of Jewish bankers. Nor is he the special property of some all-powerful secret society, as dreamed of by some populist-minded conspirophile.
To understand what makes the Moon clock tick, is to know the real history of the 20th Century, not the fairytale version set forth in schoolbooks and newsstand gossip sheets. We shall show you in this article that the Moon cult is the spinoff of two British intelligence operations of the 1920s and 1930s, in which the figures of Bertrand Russell and H.G. Wells play the prominent role. We shall begin by briefly summarizing these two operations. Then, to make sense of them, we shall go back in history to the beginning of the past century, and even a bit earlier, to discover the motives and means by which these things could be carried out. It is a shocking story, but a coherent one. Stay focused, and you can grasp it.
The two operations of Wells and Russell from which Moon sprung are these:
- The Moral Re-Armament Movement, founded at a 1921 meeting between a wacky Lutheran preacher from Philadelphia and two British delegates to the Washington Disarmament Conference, Lord Arthur Balfour and H.G. Wells. Moral Re-Armament became the mass organizational vehicle for implementation of Wells' 1928 call in The Open Conspiracy, for a worldwide movement for draft resistance. The environment of Moon's Korean ministry was under control of Moral Re-Armament when he was picked up as an intelligence asset during the Korean War.
- The Unity of the Sciences movement. Founded in 1935 under the supervision of Lord Bertrand Russell and John Dewey, it brought together Trotskyite academics Albert Wohlstetter (mentor of current Defense Policy Board Chairman Richard Perle), Sidney Hook, and Ernest Nagel, with members of the radical-positivist Vienna Circle. Merging with Robert M. Hutchins at the University of Chicago in the 1950s, this operation took over the teaching of science in the United States. Thomas Kuhn's widely read fraud, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, was published as the second volume of their Encyclopedia of Unified Sciences. In 1972, the Moonies were given the Unity of Sciences franchise, sponsoring the first of their still-ongoing International Conferences of the Unity of Sciences. Their early sessions featured such notables as Manhattan Project physicist Eugene Wigner, the lifelong ally of that truly mad scientist Leo Szilard (the model for Dr. Strangelove, in Stanley Kubrick's film of that name), and environmental fascists Alexander King and Aurelio Peccei, founders of the no-growth Club of Rome.
Before looking back to the history of these projects, let us first briefly dispense with the person of Rev. Sun Myung Moon. Moon as a personality is of very little importance, in himself. The real Reverend Moon is a pathetic, if nonetheless nasty, victim of Japanese internment and North Korean torture sessions. He is what the professional mindbenders who operate under military intelligence cover call a synthetic personality, just the right sort of material for running a cult operation. Born in 1920, Moon had received some training as an engineer when he was first imprisoned by the Japanese during their extended occupation of Korea. Early in the Korean War, Moon was taken prisoner in the North and subjected to the hideous physical and mental torture that became well known to Americans of the time. Moon describes his so-called religious conversion while in North Korean imprisonment as "my brainwashing."
A sample or two of Moon's "philosophy" tells it all. Here is the Reverend Moon on the subject of the meaning of life:
The purpose of Life, into which we all are born, for a man is woman, and for a woman is man. Man and woman are born to live for each other. The harmony of their body shapes, and of their organs of love are simply made so.
If you truly understand this fact, you have mastered more truth and more precious wisdom than an entire encyclopedia. God, the Great King of wisdom, has placed our organs of love in each other's custody. Thus the true master of the organ of love which a man or woman possesses is not that person at all, but is their loving spouse....
He made these comments before the 15th conference of the International Conference on the Unity of Sciences in 1986. Moon has something of an obsession with sex and the sexual organs. A former Moonie and leader of one of Moon's pro-Vietnam War front groups, recalled this anecdote:
I remember a day at Belvedere [the Moonies' Tarrytown, New York training camp] in May of 1973 during a leadership conference. Moon had just finished a short speech, and he then asked for general questions. I rose to my feet to address him. I said, "as a One World Crusade Commander, I frequently encounter the problem of homosexuality among our men." I asked him if there was anything we could do to help these people.
He replied: "Tell them that if it really becomes a problem to cut it off, barbecue it, put it in a shoe box, and send it to me." The audience roared with laughter.
Or another sample of the profound depths of Moon's thought:
When you defecate, do you use a mask? This is no laughing matter, this is serious. When you were kids, did you ever taste the cooties from your nose? ... Why didn't you feel they were dirty? Because that's a part of your body. The Reverend Moon has discovered something that no one else had thought about.
1. It All Began at Appomattox
If the lunatic Moon is not the maker of his own madhouse, who is? The best way to answer that question is to take a closer look at the designers of the operation that produced Moon, and the forces which shaped them.
Introducing: Russell and Wells
Most literate people know Herbert George (H.G.) Wells as a writer of science-fiction stories. Bertrand Russell, his chief partner in evil, is best known as a philosopher, mathematician, human rights activist, and pacifist—this, despite his repeated calls for a pre-emptive nuclear strike against the Soviet Union, and his often-expressed desire that the spread of epidemic disease might reduce the world's population every generation or so. Yet even with such correction (the truth of which the present-day Russell acolyte, Noam Chomsky, was forced to concede at a recent public appearance at Rice University in Houston), one does not arrive at a true picture of these men, or their role in the world.
Russell and Wells, who orchestrated so much of the evil of the 20th Century, were by birth and upbringing, men of the 19th Century, grown to manhood under the British Empire at the peak of its power, nursed on the tales of Kipling and the notion of the inborn superiority of the Anglo-Saxon race. Yet, they were clever enough to foresee its demise, and early on set themselves to the task of shaping a new world empire, more fearful and more evilly conceived than the openly declared global tyranny which was Victorian England. In his Experiments in Autobiography, Wells wrote of his own childhood:
In those days I had ideas about Aryans extraordinarily like Mr. Hitler's. The more I hear of him the more I am convinced that his mind is almost the twin of my thirteen-year-old mind in 1879; but heard through a megaphone—and—implemented. I do not know from what books I caught my first glimpse of the Great Aryan People going to and fro in the middle plains of Europe, spreading east, west, north, and south ... whose ultimate triumphs everywhere squared accounts with the Jews ... I have met men in responsible positions, L.S. Amery, for example, Winston Churchill, George Trevelyan, C.F.G. Masterman, whose imaginations were manifestly built upon a similar framework and who remained puerile in their political outlook because of its persistence.
(Wells only fails to note that the similarity of Hitler's outlook to the British one arises because Hitler was, like Moon, a synthetic personality and product of British-intelligence occult bureau and psywar penetration operations run into Germany at the beginning of the century.)
The Russells were an English noble family that came to prominence in the reign of Henry VIII, with the rise of John Russell, First Earl of Bedford. The Earl Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) of whom we speak, was the grandson of Lord John Russell (1792-1878), twice prime minister during the reign of Queen Victoria. Grandfather Russell, who raised young Bertrand, was an intimate of British spymaster and longtime head of the Foreign Office, Lord Palmerston. Palmerston managed a veritable zoo of agents of all stripes, particularly of the radical anarchist, and communist variety—Mazzini, Bakunin, and Karl Marx among them. A specialty of the house was the technique that came to be known as "Balkanization," the breaking up of a nation or opposing empire into divided parts. China, India, and much of Africa were subjugated this way, and Europe and Russia successfully held at bay.
But the great prize was the United States, the lost colony, whose reconquest was a central concern of British policy from 1783 onward. The Civil War was the last great effort to accomplish this goal by force of arms. Palmerston's agents in the Confederacy included Secretary of War Judah Benjamin and Teddy Roosevelt's uncle, James Bulloch. who else. But Palmerston lived just long enough to see the defeat of the Confederacy, Lee's surrender at Appomattox, and the immediately following assassination of President Lincoln by one of his disposable agents.
By the time that Palmerston died on Oct. 18, 1865, the world was forever changed. The United States was now a land power, with the greatest army on the face of the Earth, and an industrial base that would shortly surpass England's own. If it was to be reconquered, it would have to be by subversion and deceit. The question of how, exactly, that might be accomplished, occupied the thought and discussion of several generations of the British elite.
Agnostics and Gnostics
Bertrand Russell came to his position by birth. Herbert George Wells (1866-1946), who played Sancho Panza to Russell's Don Quixote, was a commoner, the son of a gardener and a house servant. Wells first gained access to the upper classes through the encouragement of Thomas Huxley, a biologist and prominent figure in the British intellectual elite. In 1884, the 18-year-old Wells received a scholarship from the London Department of Education to study at the Normal School of Science in South Kensington. His chosen field was biology; his teacher Thomas Huxley. Here was Huxley's view of the science of biology, as described in an 1889 essay, "The Nineteenth Century":
I know of no study which is utterly saddening as that of the evolution of humanity. Man emerges with the marks of his lowly origin strong upon him. He is a brute, only more intelligent than the other brutes, a blind prey to impulses, a victim to endless illusions, which makes his mental existence a burden, and fills his life with barren toil and battle.
Wells broke off his science education to pursue a writing career. Through Huxley, Wells gained entree to his first publisher, Astor's Pall Mall Gazette, and later to fellow Metaphysical Society member Lord Arthur Balfour. Ten years after leaving college, Wells wrote of Huxley, "I believed then he was the greatest man I was ever likely to meet, and I believe that all the more firmly today."
The key to the evil worldview of both Russell and Wells is already summarized in the philosophy of Huxley, an influential figure among avant garde intellectuals at the height of the British Empire. He was a leading member of the Metaphysical Society, which was founded in 1869 in an attempt to forge a more effective intellectual elite out of the membership of the Oxford Essayists and Cambridge Apostles. At a meeting of the society, Huxley coined the term agnosticism, an idea that would play out later in the conceptions of Wells, Russell, and the followers of the Reverend Moon. The atheist denied God exists. The agnostic left that question open. Instead, he denied the ability of man to actually know anything. Here in this conception, actually only a re-working of a metaphysics common to Aristotle, Hume, and Kant, was the "no-soul" doctrine which is at the heart of the Open Conspiracy. Huxley outlined the tenets of his agnosticism before a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1874:
No evidence can be found for supposing that any state of consciousness is the cause of change in the motion of matter of the organism.... The mind stands relegated to the body as the bell of the clock to the works, and consciousness answers to the sound which the bell gives out when it is struck.
We will find this same view enunciated later by Wells, Russell, and the Ernst Mach-influenced Vienna Circle which gave rise to Russell's Unity of the Sciences movement in the mid-1930s. But agnosticism, is only Gnosticism in disguise, and in this form, as a reincarnation of the ancient cult heresy, we shall find it at the heart of the "theology" of the Rev. Sun Myung Moon.
In his autobiographical account, written years later, Wells described the dilemma facing Britain at the time he was attending the monthly sessions of the elite Coefficients Club. The Coefficients was a cross between a diners club and a modern think-tank, which met monthly over dinners at London's St. Ermin's Hotel from 1902 to 1908.
Among the members of this unappetizing group was the powerful Lord Robert Cecil, elder statesman of Britain's most powerful family, and cousin to Arthur Balfour, then serving as Conservative Prime Minister. Lord Alfred Milner, the High Commissioner of South Africa, was a regular. A factional ally of Milner's in the serious debate that went on at these affairs was Halford Mackinder, the newly appointed head of the London School of Economics and originator of the doctrine of geopolitics, who Hitler's ghostwriter for Mein Kampf, Maj.-Gen. Karl Haushofer, acknowledged as his source. Another Milner ally was Leo Amery, later intimate of Winston Churchill. The Earl Bertrand Russell was there, sometimes making up a faction of one. The Viscount Edward Grey, a hereditary peer who was to play a crucial role in shaping the post World War I era, attended regularly. Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Fabian socialists who would soon embrace Benito Mussolini, were regulars. The Webbs, who were solidly middle-class academics, were credited with having organized the group, most of whose members became part of a later formation, known variously as the Round Table, Milner's Kindergarten, and the Cliveden Set. The name Coefficients might have been a play on Mrs. Webb's incessant references to improving "efficiency" in government.
Here is how Wells recalled the situation facing the Coefficients at the beginning of the 20th Century:
The undeniable contraction of the British outlook in the opening decade of the new century is one that has exercised my mind very greatly.... Gradually, the belief in the possible world leadership of England had been deflated, by the economic development of America and the militant boldness of Germany. The long reign of Queen Victoria, so prosperous, progressive, and effortless, had produced habits of political indolence and cheap assurance. As a people we had got out of training, and when the challenge of these new rivals became open, it took our breath away at once. We did not know how to meet it....
[O]ur ruling class, protected in its advantages by a universal snobbery, was broad-minded, easy-going, and profoundly lazy.... Our liberalism was no longer a larger enterprise, it had become a generous indolence. But minds were waking up to this. Over our table at St. Ermin's Hotel wrangled Maxse, Bellairs, Hewins, Amery, and Mackinder, all stung by the small but humiliating tale of disasters in the South Africa war, all sensitive to the threat of business recession, and all profoundly alarmed by the naval and military aggressiveness of Germany, arguing chiefly against the liberalism of Reeves and Russell and myself, and pulling us down, whether we liked it or not, from large generalities to concrete problems.
There were genuine differences as to how the defeat of the "new rivals" was to be accomplished, but no dispute as to the goal. The majority opinion converged on war, to set the European powers at each other's throats. The seeds of that war, pitting France against Germany, Germany against Russia, and Russia against Japan, had already been sown in the decade of the 1890s. Russell took issue with that view, at least ostensibly. During World War I he played the part of pacifist. Russell argued that England could achieve the same goals without being drawn into a world war: It could be done by clever intelligence techniques—psychological warfare and manipulation. Thus began his career as a "pacifist."
2. The Uses of Peace
We move ahead now to November 1918. The terrible war is over, England saved by the last-minute military intervention of the United States. Much of Europe is in ruins. The total dead on all sides number 8.5 million. Casualties number 37 million (9 million Russians, 7 million Germans, 7 million from Austro-Hungary, 6 million French, 3 million from the British Empire, 2 million Italians). Famine and disease are everywhere. Influenza, typhus, cholera, diphtheria, and other scourges kill more people in the immediate post-war period than died in battle. The seeds of Hitler have already been sown in the unpayable burden of reparations imposed upon defeated Germany by the Treaty of Versailles.
The idea of peace makes sense to people. But how shall it be accomplished? Even as he wrote anti-German hate propaganda for the War Office, Wells had been working with a team of old cronies from the Coefficients Club on a new version of an old scheme: Subjugate the sovereignty of individual nations to a supra-national government, with its own army, navy, and air force, possessing a monopoly on modern weaponry. His first writing on the subject dates to 1916. In January 1919, as Chairman of the League of Free Nations Association, he publishes his call for world peace, titled "The Idea of a League of Nations."
The argument, as Wells describes it: Modern war is total war; the economic and human cost has become so great, it is intolerable. So long as the threat of war exists, nations must expend an increasing portion of their wealth on the maintenance of armies, navies, and air services, and on scientific research to keep even with the potential enemy. Only outmoded thinking and prejudices, such as appeals to national patriotism, cause people to oppose his plan. If they would only think about it, they would see that the British Empire is already partially a world government:
What is there in common between an Australian native, a London freethinker, a Bengali villager, a Uganda gentleman, a Rand negro, an Egyptian merchant, and a Singapore Chinaman, that they should all be capable of living as they do under one rule and one peace, and with a common collective policy, and yet be incapable of a slightly larger cooperation with a Frenchman, a New Englander, or a Russian?
The argument appears strikingly modern, only because the present-day world is organized around the continued attempt to implement this plan which originated in the needs of the British aristocracy a century ago. Yet, as Wells admits in his draft, it is not modern at all. It is an attempt to return to periods of weak nation-states such as the Middle Ages or the Roman Empire. It was only with the Italian Renaissance, Wells argues, that the idea of powerful nation-states threatened unity. Wells will attempt to destroy the nation-state in order to create a new world empire.
Moral Re-Armament: The Moon's Beginning
Wells' League of Nations proved a failure. The American people, among others, did not buy it, and the Senate could not be brought to ratify it. But the war for world empire, under the guise of "universal peace," had only just begun.
In 1921, an international arms-control conference took place in Washington, D.C., the first of a series known as the Washington Disarmament Conferences. Frank Buchman, by outward appearance an insignificant American Lutheran preacher, was invited to attend and given an audience with two Englishmen. One was Arthur James Balfour, head of the British Empire delegation and Lord President of the King's Privy Council, who would sign the treaty twice, once for the King and once for the Union of South Africa. The other was Balfour's longtime associate from the days of the Coefficients Club, H.G. Wells, who was attending the conference as reporter for an international array of press syndicates.
Out of this meeting within a meeting came the founding of an organization to be headed by Buchman, that came to be known as Moral Re-Armament (MRA). Moral Re-Armament was, and remains to this day, an influence-peddling and control operation, run as a pseudo-Christian religious cult, much like the later Moon cult which it spawned. In more ways than one, Frank Buchman was the Reverend Moon of the 1920s and 1930s.
Frank Buchman's Rise
Born in Pennsburg, Pennsylvania in 1878, Buchman graduated from Muhlenburg College, and later attended Pennsylvania State College. As a Lutheran minister in a poor part of Philadelphia, he came into contact with the American Friends Service Society. His entree into intelligence circles appears to have originated on a trip to England in 1908. There, in a small church, he claims he saw "a vision of the cross" which changed his life. Whatever else happened on that trip, Buchman on his return to the U.S.A., began moving in high circles, and was soon a friend of the national chairman of the Democratic Party.
In 1915, Buchman began a tour of the Far East, sponsored by the Young Men's Christian Association, one of many do-gooder organizations which serve as a cover for international intelligence operations. (The friendly YMCA had already been linked through the Moody Bible School in Chicago, to the the 1881 assassination of President James Garfield, the Civil War general and Lincoln admirer who vowed in his inaugural address to enforce the Constitution against a racist reign of terror in the South.) The Buchman itinerary included India, Korea, Japan, and finally China. In Japan, he was personally greeted by Baron Mitsui, head of Japan's largest cartel, and hosted by Baron Shibusawa, founder of the Japanese Finance Ministry. Throughout his life, Buchman would maintain extremely close ties with the powerful Mitsui, Shibusawa, and Sumitomo families.
In 1917, Buchman arrived in China in the midst of a revolutionary epoch during which Sun Yat Sen had briefly held power. It was here, Buchman reports, that he perfected his method of influence-peddling and control. Buchman's technique was a shade more subtle than Moon's. Moon promises to satisfy his victim's craving for sexual satisfaction in the obvious way. Buchman wins the confidence of his victim, in order to control and manipulate his guilt. He called it his personal, "confessional approach" for "remaking man." He had already begun developing it while a graduate student at Penn State. Buchman put forth a public posture of moral probity and abstinence, inviting people to talk to him about their personal problems. Probing for the issues on which they felt the most guilt, he would persuade them that they could overcome their perceived weakness by confessing it to him, and becoming a faithful follower. Buchman won over many people with his technique, which became the trademark of Moral Re-Armament recruitment tactics, aimed generally at people of power and influence. Later, he also developed an ego-stripping technique, for mass recruitment in larger social settings.
In China, Buchman and his two friends drew up a list of 15 of the most influential Christians in Beijing. Sun Yat Sen was at the top of the list. He got as far as the Vice Minister of Justice, later acting Prime Minister, Hsu Ch'ien. Through Hsu, Buchman started a friendship with Sun. "If sin is the disease," he told an audience of missionaries, "we must deal with sin. Sin first of all in ourselves, the 'little sins' that rob us of power and keep us from being able to go out in deep sympathy to men in sin.' " But stories began to spread about Buchman's own pecadilloes, and he was forced to leave China. Still, Sherwood Eddy, the missionary who had brought Buchman to Asia, wrote: "Buchman's work in China has developed by a growth of evolution into a movement of immense proportions."
From China, Buchman made his way again to England. He arrived at Oxford in 1921-22, and began to work his magic on a circle of professors and students who were later to become known as the Oxford Group. Most were veterans of the recent war, who gathered for philosophical debate. Buchman would attempt to steer them into discussions of their personal problems. Again scandal arose. There was talk of exhibitionism occurring at the meetings, and the ever-present suspicion of homosexuality, the bane of the British boarding school system. Buchman himself never married, saying that God had not chosen a partner for him.
His slogans, which became the "four pillars" of Moral Re-Armament, were: 1) Absolute honesty; 2) Absolute purity; 3) Absolute love; 4) Absolute unselfishness. Buchman's self-advertisement for his cause sounded convincing enough:
Unless we deal with human nature thoroughly and drastically on a national scale, nations will follow their historic road to violence and destruction. You can plan a new world on paper, but you've got to build it out of people.
We shall see in a moment what he means by this.
3. The Open Conspiracy
Despite the scandals, the Oxford circle continued to grow. In 1928, Buchman, the posturing pseudo-Christian, received another boost from the avowed atheist H.G. Wells, with the publication of the first edition of Wells' The Open Conspiracy: Blue Prints for a World Revolution. The contradiction in theologies is only apparent. For both men, religion is a tool for power and social control. Through a study of Wells' Open Conspiracy, we can come to understand how a Gnostic sex cult such as Moon's, and a trained circus of pious peeping-toms such as Buchman's, may become instruments for achieving the same end.
Remember, the goal of Wells, Russell, and company is the destruction of the sovereign power of the nation-state, the United States above all, and with it the elimination of a philosophical, cultural, and religious tradition dating more than 2,500 years. Remember, this is to be achieved not by the obvious methods but by subversion. It will be accomplished in a manner that shall leave the typical patriot almost completely blindsided. In opposing one side of the operation, he will find himself embracing the same thing, from another side. Until he troubles to actually understand the true nature of the enemy he is up against, his impotent flailings will be not unlike the attempt to wrestle with an invisible man.
What makes the "open conspiracy" open, is not the laying out of some secret masterplan, not the revealing of the membership roster of some inner sanctum of the rich and powerful, which the typical deluded populist supposes to be the secret to power in the world. It is, rather, the understanding that ideas, philosophy and culture, control history. What constitutes a conspiracy, for good or evil, is a set of ideas which embody a concept of what it is to be human, and a conception of man's role in universal history. This Russell and Wells understood, even if their definition of a human being, apparently based on close, personal observation, was a two-legged ape that babbles. Neither "Sancho Panza" Wells, nor the "Ingenious Hidalgo" Russell, whose pretensions to philosophy we shall shortly expose, are intellectual giants. The power of their evil lies only in their possession of this bit of knowledge and the social connections to propagate it. Follow them then, in your mind's eye, as we retrace their crooked path which leads to the late 1960s unleashing of the Moonie scourge upon America, producing an effect similar to that achieved by the emptying of the world's largest loony-bin onto a university campus.
The New World Religion
The purpose of the Open Conspiracy, Wells tells us, with no evident shame, is the creation of a New World Religion. The first four chapters of the 1928 work present his "theological" analysis:
The old faiths have become unconvincing, unsubstantial and insincere, and though there are clear intimations of a new faith in the world, it still awaits embodiment in formulae and organizations that will bring it into effective reaction upon human affairs as a whole.
In the second chapter heading, he argues that the essence of religion is the subordination of self. Though the majority may have difficulty keeping to the strict teachings, there is a minority for whom "The desire to give oneself to greater ends than the everyday life affords, and to give oneself freely, is clearly dominant." This is the emotion Wells and his friends hope to tap.
In the third chapter, "Need for a Restatement of Religion," Wells hints at his plan for writing a new Bible:
Every great religion has explained itself in the form of a history and a cosmogony. It has been felt necessary to say Why? and To What End? Every religion has had necessarily to adopt the physical conceptions and usually also to assume many of the moral and social values current at the time of its foundation.... In these conditions lurked the seeds of an ultimate decay and supersession of every religion.
Later in The Open Conspiracy, Wells will refer to his threefold "modern Bible scheme." The first part (his replacement for Genesis and the books of the prophets) was his The Outline of History, published in 1920. Apparently Wells' Bible lacked an important one of the commandments. Modern scholarship has determined that Wells stole this multi-volume survey of the whole history of mankind (otherwise claimed to have been written in the extraordinary span of 18 months!) from a Canadian suffragist, Florence Deeks.
The second part of Wells' Bible, his cosmogony, was even then being written in collaboration with Julian Huxley and Wells' own son. Titled The Science of Life, it was published in 1930 in four volumes. As elaborated there, Wells' new religion is nothing but the Social Darwinism he learned at the feet of Thomas Huxley, a crude appeal to biological determinism. The reader is overcome with a mass of detail, all conceived to promote the social policy of eugenics and birth control for the engineering of a super-race. Every feature of modern ecologism is already contained in this work.
The third part of the Bible according to Wells, was to be the Science of Work and Wealth, his study of "economic and social organization considered as the problem of man's exploitation of extraneous energy for the service of the species." He never lived to complete it, or perhaps the targetted author gave up "the ghost" first, before his, or her, surplus energy could be exploited.
The Program of `The Open Conspiracy'
In the fourth chapter, Wells comes to the nub of the matter. Service to an ideal, the desire for a better order, is the heart of religion. His plan is to find a way to direct this powerful emotion to the implementation of the program of the Open Conspiracy.
In a later chapter, he summarizes the program of The Open Conspiracy in three clear and simple points:
Firstly, the entirely provisional nature of all existing governments, and the entirely provisional nature, therefore, of all loyalties associated therewith;
Secondly, the supreme importance of population control in human biology and the possibility it affords us of a release from the pressure of the struggle for existence on ourselves; and
Thirdly, the urgent necessity of protective resistance against the present traditional drift towards war.
There is no clearer statement of the program of that influential grouping which called itself, and came to be known as, the Utopians.
The first and third points of Wells' program were to be the basis for the first mass organizing project of the Open Conspiracy. Frank Buchman's Oxford Group, the seed crystal for the Moral Re-Armament Movement which was to spawn the Moonies, would be the vehicle. Wells had spelled it out precisely in Chapter XII:
The putting upon record of its members' reservation of themselves from any or all of the military obligations that may be thrust upon the country by military and diplomatic effort, might very conceivably be the first considerable overt act of Open Conspiracy groups. It would supply the practical incentive to bring many of them together in the first place. It would necessitate the creation of regional or national ad hoc committees for the establishment of a collective legal and political defensive for this dissent from current militant nationalism. It would bring the Open Conspiracy very early out of the province of discussion into the field of practical conflict.
But to promote a mass movement for peace after 1933, as Hitler was mobilizing for war, with Russia the expected target, was not the job for the communist movement. Some new sort of formation would be required.
Buchman and his group of followers at Oxford had made a well-publicized trip to South Africa in the late 1920s, where their movement for peace was christened the Oxford Group. Senior university officials soon embraced the group. B.H. Streeter, the provost of Queen's College, Oxford, and a well-known New Testament scholar, made public his support for Buchman at a 1934 meeting in Oxford Town Hall:
The reason that I have come tonight is to say publicly that I ought now to cease from an attitude of benevolent neutrality towards what I have come to believe is the most important religious movement today.
4. Nazis and Moonies
The Oxford Group spread its activities to other nations, becoming especially strong in Norway, Japan, the U.S.A.—and Hitler's Germany, where SS/Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler was a member! Naturally the propaganda of the Moral Re-Armament Movement, which still exists to this day, attempts to play down the Nazi connection. But the very name Moral Re-Armament was announced by Buchman at a 1938 meeting at the Waldlust Hotel, outside the city of Freudenstadt in Germany's Black Forest. Buchman made numerous attempts to meet with Hitler. He was granted an official exploratory interview with Himmler, through whom Buchman hoped to get a date with Hitler, but it didn't work out. It appears that Himmler could not persuade his bureaucracy. In his biographical memoir, I Paid Hitler, Fritz Thyssen, the Catholic steel industrialist who broke with the Nazi Party after Kristallnacht and fled Germany, wrote that both Himmler and Deputy Reichsführer Rudolf Hess were members of Moral Re-Armament. Like Moon today, Buchman sought the big names.
In 1937, the Oxford Group began a publication called The Rising Tide, which also happens to have been the name of the paper of the Freedom Leadership Foundation, the Moonie front group set up in 1969 as the U.S. branch of the Moon-founded International Federation for Victory over Communism. Buchman's magazine was called New World News, the same as one put out later by Moon. The Moral Re-Armament singing group was known as the Angels, the model for Moon's Little Angels children's ballet.
The Peace Pledge
The signing of the Oxford Group's Peace Pledge, which called for renouncing participation in any war (exactly as Wells had outlined), became a vehicle for spread of the Wellsian movement among students in the United States and elsewhere. The Peace Pledge Union, which initiated the pledge, had been set up in 1936 by Bertrand Russell and Aldous Huxley, before the two came to spread their evil in the United States, Russell to Chicago and Huxley to California. This peace movement for Hitler's war drive, reached a peak in 1938, when Moral Re-Armament held rallies of 15,000 in New York and 30,000 in Los Angeles. After the Nazi invasions of Poland and Czechoslovakia, the Peace Pledge became a memory.
In England, Buchman had had the support of many wealthy and prominent people reaching all the way to the future King, Edward VIII. In 1935, a year before he assumed the crown, the Prince of Wales was a frequent associate of Buchman's, according to royal biographer Charles Higham. Edward's rule lasted only until 1938, when he was forced to resign, ostensibly over a scandal involving his marriage to an American divorcée. The real reason was his scandalous support for Adolf Hitler, at a time when England was about to go to war. Buchman also had the support of Dr. Gordon Cosmo Lang, the Archbishop of Canterbury who had a weakness for seances and once formed a commission to investigate psychic phenomena. Among Dr. Buchman's other British admirers were Sir Samuel Hoare, Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, the Earl of Clarendon, the Marquess of Salisbury, and the Earl of Cork and Orrery.
Prominent American supporters of Buchman included Los Angeles Times publisher Harry Chandlee, Hollywood movie magnate Louis Mayer of Metro Goldwyn Mayer, and David Dubinsky, president of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union.
As war became imminent, Buchman fell under public attack both in Britain and the U.S.A. A widely publicized statement he had made to an American newspaperman in August 1936 did not sit so well now. Buchman had said: "I thank heaven for a man like Adolf Hitler who built a front line of defence against the anti-Christ of communism." There were investigations in the House of Parliament and the U.S. Congress, centering on his demand for exempting his members from the military draft as a religious group. The Catholic Primate of England, Cardinal Hinsley, threatened excommunication to anyone who joined Buchman's cause. The Jewish War Veterans Association condemned his open anti-Semitism. The Episcopal paper, The Witness, exposed Buchmanism as "a trap for labor" among other things. Much of Buchman's operations were focused on Communist influence in the labor movement. To take some of the heat, The Rev. James W. Fifield, pastor of a Congregational Church in Los Angeles, stepped in as the front man for the U.S. operations of Moral Re-Armament.
Buchman's Post-War Comeback
After World War II, Moral Re-Armament re-emerged as a major player in the Cold War environment that dominated the period of reconstruction of Europe and Japan. As the resistance movements of Italy, France, Greece, and elsewhere had been dominated by Communist-run popular fronts, it was no small task to disarm them and attempt to isolate the Communist influence. Buchman's love affair with Hitler was so well-known, it had to be mentioned in Peter Howard's official propaganda biography of him, Frank Buchman's Secret, published in 1951. Nonetheless, the decision was made to go with him.
In 1946, a group of wealthy Swiss bought Buchman the 500-bed Caux Palace Hotel on a breathtaking site, 3,000 feet above Lake Geneva, which remains today the center of international activities for the group. In 1949, Moral Re-Armament held a major conference at the Caux Palace, renamed Mountain House. It was the sort of affair the Moonies still dream of. There were 27 cabinet ministers and 118 parliamentarians from 26 nations in attendance, as well as trade union chiefs from 35 countries. There was heavy stress on the anti-Communist, Christian labor movement. Ex-Communist labor leaders, among them a South Wales steel worker and a German miner, testified on their conversion to Buchmanism. A bipartisan delegation of U.S. Congressmen was flown in by military airplane. The biggest promoter of MRA in the Congress, Karl E. Mundt, the South Dakota Republican who won the Senate seat in 1948, couldn't make it, but sent a telegram of support.
During the Marshall Plan debates, one-third of the U.S. Congress saw the film "The Good Road," a movie version of the MRA's musical stage show. Gen. Lucius Clay gave the show special permission to tour in occupied Germany. The MRA targetted trade-union members in the Ruhr region, especially miners. On Buchman's birthday in 1952, he received telegrams from Richard Nixon, Willy Brandt in Germany, NATO commander Gen. Hans Speidel, the chairman of the Democratic Socialist Party of Italy, and a member of the French Chamber of Deputies, among others. The penetration was so complete, that Buchman claimed such important post-war figures as German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Italian Premier Alcide De Gasperi, and French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman as signators on some of his operations.
Aside from the formula "Communism = the Anti-Christ," Buchman's preaching was centered on the family, the importance of mother, and the code phrase "the truths you learned at your mother's knee." Typical activities for members included acting in plays pushing the MRA ideology, voluntary labor squads, and Bible study. A frequent theme in the plays: A woman dressed entirely in red, known as Virtue, is portrayed as stirring up labor-management disputes, and is finally exposed as really being a "Red." Major centers of activity in the United States were The Club in Los Angeles, a retreat on Mackinac Island, Michigan, and one in Westchester County, New York.
The spread of Buchman's operations into Korea is suggestive of the sort of base which may have provided the first members for Moon's zombie cult. In the Nov. 3, 1952 issue of Moral Re-Armament's MRA Information Service, there appeared an article about an island off the Korean coast near the mouth of the Natkong River, called Jinoo Do. The MRA article references the visit to the island of "an agent of the Medway Plan Foundation, an organization devoted to human rehabilitation." The Medway Plan appears to refer to a town in England in which sociological studies, first run under the rubric of Charles Madge's Mass Observations, and later incorporated under the London Tavistock Institute, were carried out. The Medway study took up the relationship of sexual morality and work, focusing on the relationship of preachers to their wives in the town of Medway.
Arriving on Jinoo Do, the Medway Plan representative found an island inhabited by Korean orphans and juvenile delinquents, placed there by the army in 1951. Under MRA supervision, the orphans had established a "democratic town" there, policed and governed by themselves, and based on Frank Buchman's precept that "human nature can be changed." Everywhere one could find the slogans of Moral Re-Armament: "Absolute Honesty," "Absolute Purity," "Absolute Unselfishness," "Absolute Love." These, incidentally, became the slogans adopted by Moon. Other slogans on this "Brave New World" in the Korean Straits read: "No Hatred—No Fear—No Greed," or "New Men—New Nations—New World," or "Jinoo Do—Principle of citizen Life."
The CIA and Moral Re-Armament
In his 1989 book, The Game Player: Confessions of the CIA's Original Political Operative, top spook Miles Copeland brags of the intelligence agency's control over both Moral Re-Armament and L. Ron Hubbard's Scientology movement. Copeland reports that he served in the 1950s as head of an agency entity known as The Political Action Staff. Under this umbrella, his assistant, Bob Mandlestam, developed an operation called "OHP," or "occultism in high places," described by Copeland as "a theory of political activism based on an impressively detailed study of ways in which leaders of the world based their judgments on one form or another of divine guidance." One of Mandlestam's projects was to "plant astrologists on certain world leaders." Another was to deploy "mystics" in the Georgetown section of Washington, D.C., home to many government figures, who would use "voodoo magic," based on rites prescribed by the CIA itself, to manipulate Congressmen.
As part of OHP, Copeland and Mandlestam began to utilize the Moral Re-Armament movement, which "gave us useful secret channels right into the minds of leaders, not only in Africa and Asia but also in Europe." After this, Copeland writes:
When Bob made similar arrangements with Scientology, ... we were on our way to having a political action capability which would make the highly expensive, largely ineffective and largely overt "covert action" of Bill Casey's CIA seem trivial by comparison. "MRA will him 'em high, and the Church of Scientology will hit 'em low!" Bob liked to boast, and he was right.
Shocking as Copeland's revelations may seem, they barely scratch the surface of the age-old practice of political manipulation by cults. We will take up that matter, below, in the discussion of Moon's theology.
Moral Re-Armament Today
Moral Re-Armament continued to have a strong presence in the U.S.A., especially student layers, up into the 1960s founding of the anti-Vietnam War movement. Despite its anti-Communist, right-wing profile, Moral Re-Armament literature even found its way into the early anti-Vietnam War movement, in which Bertrand Russell played a guiding role. In the U.S.A., the campus-touring spokesman for the anti-war movement in the 1963-64 period was Russell Stetler, a Haverford College graduate student who had studied with Bertrand Russell in London, and returned as the representative of Russell's International War Crimes Tribunal.
MRA's Agenda for Reconciliation front group has been active in Lebanon, Kenya, Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, and elsewhere. It was behind the 1992 Clean Elections Campaign in Taiwan, a similar effort in Kenya, and one in Ghana in the May 2000 election. The Moral Re-Armament spinoff International Communications Forum held a big conference in Sarajevo, Bosnia in September-October 2000. Its U.S. headquarters are in Richmond, Virginia, where it runs an organization called Hope in the Cities. Its Gente que Avanza group, active in Latin America for more than 30 years, has trained 800 young people from 20 countries. Other fronts include Farmer's Dialogue, and a women's organization called Creators of Peace.
With the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, Moral Re-Armament launched a new front group, Foundations for Freedom, to penetrate into formerly Communist countries. In 2001, Moral Re-Armament changed it name to Initiatives of Change UK. It still holds international meetings at the Caux, Switzerland site, around the theme of reconciliation among the faiths. Tibetan Buddhism's Dalai Lama has attended twice, along with Jewish, Islamic, and Christian leaders. It continues to intervene on behalf of British grand strategy, using benign-sounding front groups to carry out devious political ends. The "role of the individual as an agent for change in an era of globalization," is a leading theme today.
5. Moonrise Over Asia
The rise of Moon's Unification Church, out of the networks of the Buchman Moral Re-Armament organization, took place in the immediate aftermath of the Korean War—in a nation still occupied by hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops, and governed by a dictatorship run from Washington. The oft-told tale that Moon was a creation of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency, and that the Moon penetration of America, beginning in the 1960s, was primarily a foreign intelligence penetration, is thus a half-truth—and a misleading one. Moon was up and down, a creation of the KCIA. But ask yourself: What was the controlling force behind the KCIA? Think before you answer, for the "obvious" here is also a trap. It was not "the CIA," as populist-minded Americans—and anti-Americans—conceive of it. Behind the popularly misused term, "the CIA," is something both more interesting, and yet less mysterious, than most conspirophiles imagine. If you truly wish to know dark secrets, seek out that historical-cultural cauldron in which the midnight potions of the Russell-Wells "No-Soul Gang" are brewed. Its intoxicating spells work every bit as potently in Asia as in the West, as we shall soon discover.
The Early Moon
Based on a 1997 profile by historian Anton Chaitkin and other sources, Moon's biography prior to becoming a mass cult leader, can be summarized thusly:
Yong Myung Mun (the name was later changed to fit a Gnostic doctrine) was born in northwestern Korea in 1920. His parents converted to a Pentecostal sect of the Presbyterian Church when he was about 10. Under North Korean Communist rule in 1946, Moon set up his own Pentecostal church, called the Jerusalem of the East (Kwang-ya). It featured shouting, faith-healing, and a Moon innovation called "blood-sharing." Based on pagan fertility rites, this was the unlimited copulation of the pastor with his female followers. On complaints from Christian churches, Moon was arrested by the North Korean police in 1946 for adultery, and again in 1948. He was tried on charges of bigamy and "social disorder," and condemned to five years of hard labor in a prison camp in Hung-nam. After serving two and a half years, he was released by advancing United Nations forces, and made his way south. He soon left his wife, and, without divorcing her, remarried and went back to holy blood-sharing.
Moon moved to Seoul, South Korea in 1954, where he set up the Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity, or Unification Church. This occurred in connection with the founding of the Asian People's Anti-Communist League, an organization in the orbit of the Frank Buchman Moral Re-Armament grouping. Moon's lawyer at the time was Robert Amory, deputy director of the Central Intelligence Agency under Allen Dulles.
Moon was arrested by the Seoul police in July 1955 for indecent activities causing "social disorder." The newspaper Segae reported July 6, 1955 that dozens of upper-class and university women were sexually involved with Moon. He was arrested again, later in 1955 for his furious fornications. On Oct. 4, 1955, after intervention by intelligence agencies, Moon was absolved of all accusations and freed. There began his free and clear path to emergence as a world figure.
Sasagawa and the Japan Connection
The first Unification Church missionary, Sang Ik-Choi, left Korea on June 16, 1958 to set up operations in Japan. Specialists investigating the origins and current funding channels of the Moon operation are consistently led to the Japanese right-wing figure Ryoichi Sasagawa (1899-1995). A brief digression into the Japan connection will help to clarify the whys and wherefores of the curious rise to prominence of the Reverend Moon's sex cult.
Sasagawa was a shipping magnate in 1930s Japan, associated with the Mitsui Group, the trade and banking cartel which had always been aligned with the British factional interest in Japan. Declared a Class A war criminal (he had been an ardent fascist and regular visitor to Hitler's Germany), Sasagawa, at first, had to keep a low profile during the U.S. occupation. But his post-war fortune was rebuilt with help of Gen. William H. Draper, Jr., the anti-population-growth fanatic who founded the Draper Fund for Population Control and spent a time in occupied Japan as Undersecretary of the U.S. Army. Later, Sasagawa became honorary chairman of the Draper Fund, and was also a co-founder of the Malthusian Club of Rome with Alexander King and Aurelio Peccei. Sasagawa provided much of the official funding for the Asian People's Anti-Communist League, set up June 15-18, 1954, in Chinhae, South Korea, This then crossed over into Buchman's Moral Re-Armament networks, and later became a central part of the Moon operation.
In the late 1960s, just before his move to America, the Reverend Moon made an arrangement with Yoshio Kodama, the post-war leader of the 3-million-strong Japan Youth Federation, which formed a cornerstone of the World Anti-Communist League (WACL). Kodama had worked very closely with Sasagawa during the 1960s and 1970s. After the meeting, Kodama's lieutenant, Osami Kuboki, became Moon's chief executive for Japan, and the head of the Unification Church there. After Kodama's death in the 1980s, Moon gained increasing influence over the Japan Youth Federation.
But Kodama was also a silent partner in Japan's organized-crime ring known as the Inagaki-kai yakuza. (The yakuza, Japan's mafia gangs, are the laundry for billions of dollars in Asian drug trade cash.) One of Kodama's chief aides was arrested in Hawaii in 1991 for transporting cocaine under cover of the trading activity of the Sagawa Kyubin trucking company. The firm was run by Susumu Ishii, a founder and leader of the yakuza, until his November 1991 death. Reverend Moon's funder, Yoshio Kodama, was an investor in Ishii's trucking firm. The yakuza's dirty drug money is suspected of being the main source for the suitcases full of cash which Moon's members transport regularly into the United States to fund his enormous influence-peddling and corruption operations. The cash and gold watches, which American ministers and Congressmen routinely accept from Moon, are thus, presumably, paid for by the profits of the Asian drug trade. One might consider that, the next time a parishioner's child dies of a drug overdose.
Papa Bush's Cash Cow
The same sources helped pay for the election of current President George W. Bush. In September 1995, when he was seeking money to fund his son's political career, former President George H.W. Bush went on a speaking tour of Japan for the Women's Federation for World Peace, headed by Moon's wife, Hak-ja Han-Moon. After a Sept. 14 address by Mrs. Moon in the Tokyo Dome, former First Lady Barbara Bush declared Mrs. Moon "my sister," according to a small item that appeared the next day in the Moonies' Washington Times. In November 1996, the cash-hungry father Bush toured Argentina, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela with Reverend Moon, on a mission to launch a Spanish-language version of the Washington Times for distribution in South America, known as Tiempos del Mundo.
But the Bush family ties to Moon operations preceded all that. According to Japanese intelligence sources, Prescott Bush II ran Asian secret operations for his brother, the first President George Bush. Prescott was an adviser to the just-mentioned Sagawa Kyubin trucking firm involved in the cocaine scandal, and owned by the Moon-connected gangsters Ishii and Kodama. Prescott was also tied in to other Ishii businesses. From 1989 to 1991, he served as a $250,000-a-year consultant to Ishii's Hokusho Sangyo Co., according to U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission reports.
How Japan Became America's Enemy ...
The Japanese connection to the rise of the Moon cult is important for another reason. The presence of the Mitsui group at the center of the Moon and Buchman operations in Japan is a marker for something even more central to understanding the forces behind the Russell-Wells "no-soul gang." Again a step back in history, will make the matter clearer.
When former President Ulysses Grant visited Japan in 1879, at the conclusion of a three-year world tour, he warned the Meiji government against the treachery of the British. Great Britain was then the open enemy of patriotic Americans, and the battle between the American and the British systems the central struggle in the world. How Japan responded to this struggle would be crucial for its future. The fate of China had already been determined a few decades earlier, at a time when America was divided and weaker.
Through two Opium Wars, Britain had subjugated and humiliated China. The first Opium War began in 1839, when China banned the importation of British opium, shipped in from the Indian colony. The British intent was to create the world's largest free market in drugs by addicting the huge population of China's coastal cities. China was no match for British naval power. By the Treaty of Nanking in 1842, she was forced to surrender the ports of Canton, Shanghai, Amoy, Foochow, and Ningpo to British trade, and to cede the island city of Hong Kong entirely to Britain. But worse, China was forced to yield up her population to the scourge of the opium den. The second Opium War from 1856-58, joined in by British and French troops, ended in the Treaty of Tientsin, which forced the opening of ports from the mouth of the Yangtze River north to Manchuria.
In Japan, a pro-American faction developed, which learned the difference between the British and American systems. In 1853, between the two Opium Wars, a Japan previously closed to all foreign contact received U.S. Navy Commodore Matthew Perry, and a treaty of friendship was soon worked out. A circle of reformers grouped around the intellectual leader Yukichi Fukuzawa founded newspapers and a university to educate Japanese political layers to an understanding of the uniqueness of the United States, and argue that Japan adopt America's revolutionary system as a model.
The Meiji Restoration of 1868 overthrew the warlord-feudalist Shogunate, and returned full power to the Emperor, who was under the guidance of a faction of pro-American reformers, steeped in the writings of Alexander Hamilton and the U.S. Constitution. American System economist Erasmus Peshine Smith, the student of Lincoln's ally and economic adviser Henry Charles Carey, was dispatched to Japan by President Grant in 1871 to help guide the economic development program. After the crushing of the Satsuma rebellion in 1877, pro-American reform groups were able to abolish feudalism, nationalize land held by warrior clans, and begin large-scale industrial development.
... And How America Became Its Own Enemy
Similar processes were under way in Germany, under the leadership of American System economist Friedrich List, and in Russia with the help of such figures as the great chemist Dmitri Mendeleyev, the author of a plan for industrialization of Russia by railroad development, and the Count Sergei Witte who was allied with the Meiji group in Japan.
The promotion of the American System of economy, and the concept of a government constituted to promote the general welfare—two ideas virtually banned from American history books in the second half of the 20th Century, remained the central aim of Republican administrations, up through the British-sponsored assassination of a newly re-elected President William McKinley in 1901. (That Republican Party, as distinguished from the thing bearing that name today, was the party of Lincoln. The Democratic Party of the time, and continuing up until the breakthrough 1932 campaign of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, was the party of slavery and shareholder values, as it has tended to become again, since the disastrous Presidency of Zbigniew Brzezinski's puppet, Jimmy Carter, and the recent hegemony of the Democratic Leadership Council.)
The secret to what happened to the intellectual tradition that produced the American Revolution, Lincoln, and the post-Civil War industrialization, is summed up in this historical fact. In the last quarter of the 19th Century, America's principal allies were Germany, Japan, and Russia—the very same nations which became her principal enemies in the 20th Century. Worse yet, America became its own enemy, betraying its own history by a still-raging case of collective historical amnesia. There was no irony in it. That was precisely the result which the grandson of Palmerston ally Lord John Russell, and his lower-class sidekick, Wells, had intended.
The Japanese family cartels which tended toward a pro-British stance from an early point, were Mitsui, Sumitomo, and Shibusawa. The Mitsui banking and trading company complex had been the leading Japanese partner of Jardine Matheson and Company, the Scottish shipping firm which controlled the largest share of the British Empire monopoly in opium. Moral Re-Armament founder Frank Buchman met the Barons Mitsui and Shibusawa (then the Finance Minister) in 1915, when he travelled to Japan on his YMCA-sponsored Asian tour. Later, Buchman came to know intimately Kichizaemon Sumitomo of the Sumitomo cartel, and the entire Shibusawa banking family.
The Baron Mitsui's second son, Takasumi, came to study in England, first at Halford Mackinder's London School of Economics, and later at Magdalen College, Oxford. In 1935, Prof. B.H. Streeter, the Moral Re-Armament leader and provost of Queens College, Oxford, invited young Takasumi Mitsui to meet with Buchman. Buchman attempted to use Takasumi for a three-pronged penetration: to push for Anglo-Japanese rapprochement; to intervene into the conflict in China; and, to "bring Japan into a united front with Britain and the Axis powers for a crusade against Bolshevism," in Buchman's words.
It was exactly the geopolitical program which Haushofer had dictated to Hitler as he composed Mein Kampf. No surprise that it should coincide with the program at Oxford, since Haushofer acknowledged he had taken his geopolitical analysis—that whoever controlled the "Eurasian heartland" (Germany, Central Europe, and Russia) controlled the world—from the Coefficients' Halford Mackinder. Buchman and the Oxford Group were hardly alone in their efforts. In 1935, before Hitler turned westward, the policy of bleeding "the heartland," by engineering a confrontation between Hitler and the Soviet Union, was the prevailing policy among the British elite.
Takasumi was induced to return to Japan. "Sumi must become a peacemaker," the pious fraud Buchman intoned. The young Mitsui reached Japan in 1939, where he gave several lectures on Moral Re-Armament before businessmen's clubs, and to a captive audience of Mitsui executives. But the pro-Axis militarists who held the reins of power did not want to hear of collaboration with the British at this late date. His high connections allowed him to escape punishment by the militarists, and Takasumi was permitted to establish a school in Tokyo during the war. Despite his pro-Hitler sentiments, he was also spared punishment during the American occupation, and by 1947 had become the leader of the now widely accepted Japanese branch of Moral Re-Armament.
6. Transformation in Korea
The Korean War provided the venue for the next phase of implementation of the Russell-Wells scenario. The penetration by U.S. military and intelligence circles by that point, was the key to the operation used to create Moon. In the middle 1950s, U.S. military intelligence and the Allen Dulles-controlled CIA operations crowd were all over Korea, training and recruiting assets, and monitoring all political, social, and religious activity under the Sygman Rhee dictatorship. According to former U.S. Air Force Intelligence officer Col. Fletcher Prouty, the securely controlled environment and huge military presence made South Korea an ideal base for the "Secret Team" operations of the notorious Gen. Edward Lansdale, which ranged throughout Asia.
One key reminder of the bigger picture is necessary, before turning to the details of the recruitment and transformation of the sex deviant, who now imagines himself the Messiah.
The war in Korea had marked a decisive advance for the British Utopian influence over the United States, in many ways. President Truman's 1951 firing of Gen. Douglas MacArthur, who would not accept the "limited war" concept central to the Russell-Wells doctrine, was a marker for the growing influence of the Utopian faction in the U.S. military. After World War II, traditionalist military men had fought against the development of a Central Intelligence Agency separate from the military branch intelligence services, and lost. As the Utopians gained control, the military intelligence services as well were penetrated and corrupted into instruments of Utopian policy.
After 1945, the whole military-strategic environment was shaped by the bomb. The unnecessary dropping of the only two fission weapons in the U.S. arsenal on a Japan that was already negotiating a surrender, was the greatest triumph of the Russell-Wells faction. Just as Wells had called for in The Open Conspiracy, the demonstrated existence of a weapon too terrible to contemplate, opened the way to soliciting nations to the surrender sovereignty to a world entity. Bertrand Russell's role, from his post-war call for a pre-emptive strike against the Soviet Union, to his position in brokering relations between Kennedy and Khrushchov in the Cuban missile crisis, was central. One cannot properly make sense of any significant development in the post-war world without grasping the central influence of that Russell-Wells Utopian doctrine in shaping them.
The Rise of the Sex Deviant
For obvious reasons, every detail of Moon's turning and recruitment by Western intelligence services cannot be known. His 1955 imprisonment on sex offenses was likely the scene for the recruitment effort by American-trained Korean intelligence operatives. Some time after Moon's jailing, four Korean military officers with U.S. intelligence training joined the Moon cult. The four were later to become operatives of U.S. intelligence asset Maj. Kim Jong Pil, the founder of the KCIA and the man who installed the Park Chung Hee regime in a 1961 coup.
These four early Moonies were:
- Kam Jan In (a.k.a. Steve Kim), who served as Kim's interpreter and later became KCIA station chief in Mexico City, where sources report he was instrumental in establishing connections between Moon and the drug cartels;
- Hang Sang Keuk, later Korean ambassador to Norway, where he served as liaison for the Moon organization to the Captive Nations organizations of Communist East Europe.
- Hang Sang Kil, who became Moon's personal secretary after serving as liaison with the U.S. Department of the Defense at Korea's Embassy in Washington; and
- Col. Bo Hi Pak, who still runs Moon's U.S. operation, and was originally the link between the Korean Embassy and the U.S. National Security Agency, according to Robert Boettcher's Gifts of Deceipt.
Moon was absolved of all charges, and released from his South Korean jail cell on Oct. 4, 1955. A few days later, his Unification Church acquired a Buddhist temple at Chong-Padong in Seoul, which became its headquarters. By the end of 1955 there were 30 Unification Church centers throughout South Korea, spreading Moon's Gnostic gospel. Even so, the scandals did not subside. Segae in 1957 alleged Moon to have had orgies with 70 students.
One of Moon's early disciples, Chung Hwa Pak, broke with him, and made public charges that Moon practiced his sex rituals with, among others, six married female disciples. Moon claimed that these women were preparing the way for the virgin, who would marry him and become the True Mother. The charges were made public in the widely circulated text The Tragedy of the Six Marys, later published in Japanese. Pak later returned to Moon's payroll, and recanted his accusations.
KCIA chief Maj. Kim Jong Pil reportedly relied heavily on two important sources to fund KCIA covert operations: first, Japan's Class A War criminal, Ryoichi Sasagawa; second, Israeli slimeball Shaul Eisenberg. Eisenberg, who is at the center of more politically tainted shady business dealings than one can shake a judge's gavel at, brokered deals with the Japanese for the KCIA's Kim; he may also have been the go-between in establishing Walker Casino and resort near Seoul in 1962, which provided a money-laundering capability for covert operations.
Many of these facts come up in exposés, such as Boettcher's, and in the 1978 Fraser Committee hearings before Congress. The common error is in implying primary intent to the KCIA or even to the interests of the Moon cult itself. As we have seen, the mother lies elsewhere.
7. The Moon Lands on America
The unleashing of the Reverend Moon's Gnostic sex-cult freak show onto the streets of 1970s America only appears odd or inexplicable, if one chooses (as in deference to academic and media-approved opinions of modern history) to block out the openly stated aims of those who set up the cult in the first place: to destroy, by subversion, the unique experiment which was the American Revolution, and the intellectual tradition which produced it. Once that elementary point is grasped, all that need be explained is the changeover in tactics which took place in the 1960s.
This new phase of the Moon marked the promotion of mass insanity. Moon's missionaries came to the U.S.A. in the early to mid-1960s. Sang Ik-Choi, the first missionary to Japan, went to the U.S.A. with Yun Soo Lim, called Onni (Korean for "elder sister"). Onni was later "blessed" by Moon in a marriage to Dr. Mose Durst, whom she had converted. Together, they took charge of the Oakland Family in California, which became the most important center of Unification Church proselytism. In February 1972, with about 500 American members, Moon proposed at a Los Angeles meeting, the launching of an expanded recruitment drive based on forming mobile "witnessing teams" to tour the United States. This was the One World Crusade. Huge sums of money flowed in to set up permanent Unification Church centers in all 48 states, and to purchase a compound in Tarrytown, New York, on a property previously owned by the Bronfman family, of liquor and drug-money-laundering fame. (Rank-and-file Moonies were led to believe that their slave labor in producing wax candles, and street-corner sales of flowers and magazines actually paid for all this.) The Belvedere compound in Tarrytown became Moon's first home, when he relocated to the U.S.A. in 1972.
The One World Crusade was carried out with all-night, group brainwashing sessions, involving sleep- and food-deprivation, and use of psychedelic stimulants. After one notorious recruitment session at the New Yorker Hotel, bodies were found at the foot of the elevator shaft. This was the mad phase of the Moonie assault on America, the reason behind that all-too-familiar empty smile and vacant stare, worn by Moon's clean-cut, young street-corner zombies.
Why? Cui bono?
The Strategic Shift
The key to understanding the motivation behind this launching of mass insanity, is to recognize the important shift in the global strategic picture which had been achieved through Soviet General Secretary Khrushchov's assent to the 1963 test-ban and arms limitations agreements. For the Russell-Wells Utopians, this meant that the high rate of Western investment in scientific and technological progress, which had been required by the furious pace of the earlier arms race, could be slowed, without fear of losing everything. That had been the intent behind the U.S.-Soviet disarmament talks, initiated by the Russell-Szilard Pugwash movement in 1955. By the time of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, an essential part of that objective had been achieved.
The evolution of the Moonies into a mass cult in the late-1960s U.S.A., had been preceded by establishment of a wide range of business and influence-peddling fronts. Moon's U.S. operations began to really take off with the 1964 founding of the Korean Cultural and Freedom Foundation, by Col. Bo Hi Pak. (Moon's KCIA controller had incorporated a U.S. Unification Church earlier, but it had only proto-cells and a tiny following.) A year later, Bo Hi Pak launched the Radio Free Asia project, a transparent scam to build the coffers of the Unification Church. With backing of factions in the U.S. intelligence community, Radio Free Asia solicited millions from American anti-Communists to operate a transmitter in Korea, already paid for by the Korean government. One after another, the business and political front groups were established by figures including Col. Bo Hi Pak; Neil Salonen, Moon's first high-level American operative; and others, until the listing reached 33 single-spaced pages.
Once the decision was made to deploy the mass-scale recruitment operation onto U.S. campuses, other networks of the Russell-Wells no-soul gang lent a hand. Some of the early psychological conditioning of the Moon cultists was carried out by the Michigan-based National Training Laboratories. This was the social-engineering operation, specializing in labor relations, run under direction of the Tavistock Institute-trained Kurt Lewin and University of Pennsylvania Prof. Eric Trist.
Just as the Utopian-managed war in Korea had provided the context for the Moon recruitment, so the Vietnam War, the next of the succession of managed conflicts (held below the threshold of total war by pre-agreement among the superpowers), provided the human fodder for the Moonie recruitment in America. Most of the American Moonies were recruited out of the rock-drug-sex counterculture, deliberately introduced into the student ferment against the Vietnam War. Allen Tate Wood, for example, the prominent Moonie defector (who happens to be the grandson of the Southern Fugitives school poet Allen Tate), was a leader in the anti-war demonstrations which culminated in the burning of the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) building at the University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee. Within a year or two, Tate Wood was lobbying Congress on behalf of continuing the war in Southeast Asia, a principal activity for Moon's zombies, working under cover of the Freedom Leadership Foundation front in the early 1970s.
While the zombies were hawking candles and roses on the streets, Moon's Freedom Leadership Foundation had set up meetings for the sex deviant with an impressive list of U.S. Senators and Congressmen. Between February and April 1973, Moon held meetings of half an hour or longer with:
Senators William Brock (R-Tenn.), James Buckley (Cons.-N.Y.), Jesse Helms (R-N.C.), Hubert Humphrey (D-Minn.), Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.), and Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.); and
Representatives Philip Crane (R-Ill.), Richard Ichord (D-Mo.), Guy Vander Jagt (R-Mich.), Earl Landgrebe (R-Ind.), Trent Lott (R-Miss.), William Mailliard (R-Calif.), and Floyd Spence (R-S.C.).
The most evil aspect of it all was the intentional elimination of the rational, scientific mental outlook associated with a modern, technology-based, agro-industrial economy. Moon was not the whole of it. From 1968 on, every piece of the disparate networks of the Open Conspiracy was let loose at once. Of special note was the kookery of the Aldous Huxley/Gregory Bateson operation which had been brewing in California since Huxley's 1937 deployment to the United States. This was the origin of the drug side of the 1960s counterculture. To a youth culture terrified by the nightly news images of their peers returning home in body bags from a purposeless war, retreat into mind-altering drugs, mind-altering music, and even the mindlessness of Moon was not so strange. Another crucial piece of the operation had been hatched in New York's Institute for Social Research, which housed the emigré networks of Hungarian psycho Georg Lukac's Frankfurt School disciples. Russell's Unity of the Sciences movement formed another piece. And there were more.
The Bosch Canvas
Imagine America of the late 1960s into the 1970s, as if it were the panoramic background to a painting by Hieronymus Bosch. Think of the canvas as a whole, with its nightmarish imagery of degeneration and debauchery, and the events as they actually occurred:
- the launching of the rock-drug-sex counterculture, under direction of such of Aldous Huxley's MK-ultra program disciples as Harvard's notorious psychedelic drug pushers, Richard Alpert and Timothy Leary; and, the parallel operation of stupefaction of popular music, as prescribed in the studies of Frankfurt School musicologist Theodor Adorno;
- the spread of the mass environmentalist movement, funded under such auspices as the World Wildlife Fund of Britain's royal consort, Prince Philip, and the card-carrying Nazi, Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands; the parallel deployment of a mass movement for world depopulation as in the promotion of the genocidal doctrines of the Club of Rome, founded by Moon collaborators Alexander King, Aurelio Peccei, and Japan's Class A war criminal Ryoichi Sasagawa;
- the dumbing down of U.S. education, especially de-emphasizing serious study of the sciences and Western Classics, as described in the Rappaport report produced during Alexander King's reign at NATO's Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development;
- the destruction of the principal technology driver of the 1960s U.S. economy, the Wernher von Braun-conceived Moon-Mars colonization program;
- the dismantling of U.S. industrial capability, including its conventional nuclear power capability, and the eventual shutdown of the controlled thermonuclear fusion effort—all as prescribed in the Project 1980s report of the New York Council on Foreign Relations, under the heading "controlled disintegration of the U.S. economy"; and so forth.
By such means, the scientifically vectored, production-based world economy of the 1945-64 period was brought to its present state of onrushing depression collapse.
In The Time Machine, Wells' 1895 vision of the British oligarchy's utopia, the working classes have evolved (Huxley-style) into hairy, muscular, ground-hugging creatures, known as Morlochs, who do the work of production for society in underground mills. The upper classes, known as the Eloi, live their effete, airy existence on the surface above, while also serving occasionally as fresh meat for hunting parties of escaped Morlochs. To bring Wells' degraded vision up to date, merely substitute for the Morlochs' underground foundries, the exported manufacturing industries of the Third World sweatshops and maquiladoras; instead of the Eloi, think of the credit-card based consumer society at the top of which sit the now-shrinking number of idle rich in the advanced-sector nations. There, in summary, is a fair approximation of what the anti-American assault of the 1960s rock-drug-sex counterculture produced.
The rational person of good will, observing what can only be comprehended as an outbreak of mass insanity among his fellow citizens, asks himself: How is such a thing possible? The thought occurs to him that some person, or persons, must have brought about this state of affairs wilfully. For what reason, he asks, and how could such a thing be contemplated by rational men? Thus arises a paradox. Can collective madness be reasonably planned? We refer the still perplexed reader to the quotation at the opening of this article.
Now, summon this whole fantastic Bosch canvas before your mind's eye, as you think on today's purchased preachers, Presidents, and Congressmen, some so bold as to brag openly of the Moonie-supplied gold watches decorating their wrists. Yet, do not forget the even more widespread fear and corruption of a free citizenry, which has chosen to place Moon's purchased merchandise into positions of power and responsibility, and even now tolerates their continuance. Thus, look pure evil in the eye, and know, even so, that it can be defeated, provided you will fight.
8. The Moonification of the Sciences
In 1972, several busloads of members of Moon's "Oakland Family" rolled out of their Berkeley Center, with the intention of turning their cult of a few hundred adherents into a national movement. As the candle sellers hit the streets, others rented halls, printed programs, and sold tickets for the multi-city speaking tours of their "Father" Moon. Meanwhile, behind the scenes, the Russell-Wells "no-soul gang" was already working on the next big step of the Moonification of America: They would merge the cult of the Korean sex-deviant, with the networks of corrupted scientists already gathered around Bertrand Russell's Unity of Sciences movement.
The first International Conference of the Unity of Sciences (ICUS) took place at New York's Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, Thanksgiving Day, 1972. There were 20 academics from 8 nations sharing the platform with Reverend Moon. Among them: Harvard's Russellite professor of philosophy, Willard V.O. Quine, and systems specialist Ervin Laszlo of the genocidal Club of Rome.
From small beginnings, the subsequent ICUS conferences grew to hundreds, and then thousands. These would become the annual Walpurgis Nacht celebrations for the ghouls and goblins of the "no-soul" gang's science establishment, many of them proudly bearing the mark of that discredited Nobel Prize committee, which had long since become an instrument of the Russell-Wells conspiracy. Cash and entertainment was provided by Moon, the Mephistopheles of Poontang himself, who would also deliver a personal statement of greetings to each conference.
Eugenics and the Super Robot
Moon's third Unity of Sciences conference, in 1974, took place at the Royal Lancaster Hotel in London. The Chancellor of Cambridge University, Edgar Douglas Lord Adrian, presided. Lord Adrian was a Nobel Laureate, and aging leader of the eugenics movement (as Wellsian biology had been called before the Nazi crimes gave the term a bad name). His researches on the passage of nerve impulses across the synapse marked the early phase of what was to become the Open Conspiracy's two-pronged program for science: to modify man, and create the super-robot "thinking machine."
The fourth Unity of Sciences conference, back in New York, was keynoted by Sir John Eccles. Eccles had learned his neuroscience from Lord Adrian's partner Charles Sherrington (the two shared the 1932 Nobel Prize for physiology). Eccles then shared the 1963 Nobel Prize for physiology with Andrew Huxley, the third generation from the Thomas Huxley who had described the relationship of mind to body, as that of a bell to an alarm clock. Eccles and the younger Huxley attempted to establish old Huxley's thesis, by researching the chemical basis of the action potential of the nerve impulse.
The Huxley view of the brain became the central topic at the 1976 conference, in Washington, D.C., where prominent neuroscientists joined Sir Eccles, that year's conference chairman, to debate the brain-mind problem: Which way to establish Huxley's hoax that the mind is merely a machine?
Some argued for a physiological approach: "The problems of higher brain functions are very much involved in the question of the unity of the sciences, if the ultimate aim is that the brain should understand the brain," Dr. H. Hyden, Director of the Institute of Neurobiology at the University of Göteborg, said. Others called for a mathematical model: "What is needed is not a detailed understanding of the physiology of the brain, but a form of statistical mechanics that prescribes the properties of a mechanism capable of assimilating information from outside itself and performing logical transformation to that information before generating motor output," argued Dr. J.W.S. Pringle from Merton College, Oxford.
Also at the fourth conference in New York, Nobel physicist Eugene Wigner made his first of many appearances. Wigner was an old player in the Russell-Wells nexus, a lifelong friend of Dr. "Strangelove" Leo Szilard. Wigner soon became a regular at Moon's affairs, along with his former student Alvin Weinberg, the physics incompetent who served as Director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Technology Bad, Genocide Good
At the 1976 conference, in Washington, D.C., the co-founder of the Club of Rome, Sir Alexander King, made his first appearance with Moon, to speak against the "ugly manifestations of technology." Now, there were 600 scientists and academics, from 50 countries, in attendance.
Recall the second point of Wells' program for the Open Conspiracy: "the supreme importance of population control in human biology and the possibility it affords us of a release from the pressure of the struggle for existence...." This was the purpose of the genocidal Club of Rome, whose propaganda provided the backdrop for the 1970s de-industrialization of the U.S.A. and Western Europe. If people could accept "postponing their immediate ambitions and gratifications of immediate desires at least to the extent of providing a liveable world for their children and grandchildren ... it would at least provide a breathing space," King said in 1976. Today's children and grandchildren can see what they got. The King of genocide was to attend and chair many subsequent ICUS conferences.
At the 14th conference, in Houston, free-enterprise economic guru Friedrich von Hayek received the Founder's Award from a Moon stand-in (the Reverend was still in prison on tax evasion charges). That one was chaired by Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Alvin Weinberg, the student of Wigner. Von Hayek kept coming back, bringing with him the Conservative Revolution crowd of the American Enterprise Institute, the Potomac Organization, and others. At the 15th conference, a major theme was unity of religions. Discussion papers included one on a favorite topic of Moon: a piece by a comparative religion expert arguing that phallus cults are simply a form of "worship of the principle of life."
So, the wide net of the Open Conspiracy drew tighter.
Where It Came From
The Unity of Sciences movement had been founded in New York City in the mid-1930s, by a group of admirers of Bertrand Russell among the faculty of Columbia and New York Universities. It drew its philosophical fire from Russell's discredited attempt at a utopian formal logic, the Principia Mathematica, and a related offshoot of German philosophical degeneracy, the Vienna Circle of logical-positivism. In the final analysis, the distinction between those doctrines, and what Moon considered to be his most profound discovery ("Why didn't you feel they [your feces] were dirty? Because that's a part of your body.") is a fine one.
It all went back to Thomas Huxley's basic teaching, itself the derivate of a long chain of philosophical decay dating back to Aristotle. The unifying theme was the denial of the nobility of man, as expressed in the provable power of the human mind to create and discover new ideas. For the "no-soul" gang, there is no distinction of man from the beast, nor even from inorganic matter. There is, thus, no soul. To maintain such a view, creative reason must be denied. The mind must be shown to be merely a formal-logical processor, not different from a digital computer. The method of knowing the world, is reduced to analysis of sensory data received at the nerve endings.
The logical-positivist version of the doctrine had been described most nakedly by the Austrian failure of a physicist, Ernst Mach. In his 1886 The Analysis of Sensations, and the Relation of the Physical to the Psychical, Mach described his philosophical epiphany at the age of 17. He had been studying Kant's tortured philosophy, when he suddenly saw ... something:
On a bright summer day in the open air, the world with my ego suddenly appeared to me as one coherent mass of sensations, only more strongly coherent in the ego.
Leaders of the Unity of Science grouping in New York, all members or sympathizers of Trotskyist political groupings, included Ernest Nagel, Sidney Hook, and Albert Wohlstetter (later to achieve fame as the mentor of America's leading Chicken-hawk, Defense Policy Board Chairman Richard Perle). John Dewey, the so-called education reformer most responsible for the present dumbing down of U.S. education, was also prominently associated with the group. Soon, members of the Vienna Circle in flight from Hitler, began arriving in New York. Among them were Rudolf Carnap, Hans Reichenbach, and the man who coined the term Unity of Science, Otto Neurath.
Bertrand Russell visited New York in 1936, on his way to a two-year teaching assignment at the University of Chicago, and met with the members of the Unity of Sciences group. Russell took the movement with him to Robert M. Hutchins' University of Chicago. It grew to national intellectual prominence in 1938, with a well-publicized conference at the University of Pennsylvania, attended by Russell, and followed shortly thereafter by another affair at Harvard.
Soon, the method of Unified Science would take over the teaching of science and mathematics, first in the U.S.A., then the rest of the world. A project called the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, run out of the University of Chicago, published a multivolume series, of which Thomas Kuhn's wretched piece of intellectual dishonesty, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is the best known. Neurath was the editor-in-chief for the encyclopedia. Rudolf Carnap, another Viennese refugee, and Charles Morris, both of whom frequented Russell's seminar at Chicago, were the associate editors. The advisory committee for the project included Copenhagen school physicist Niels Bohr, John Dewey, and the devil's orphan, Bertrand Russell himself.
Postscript: A Note on Moon's 'Theology'
Moon's is a Gnostic doctrine, not of his own invention. The method of propagating cults, as a means of maintaining subject populations under the rule of an imperial power, goes back at least as far, in known history, as the Babylonian Empire. The Romans learned it from the high priests of the East, whence it passed along, by way of Byzantium, to Venice, the leading maritime power up to the 17th Century. From Venice, it penetrated into England, and eventually became a standard piece in the repertory of the British Empire's intelligence services.
The specific cult doctrine known as Gnosticism came to the Hellenic world by way of the Persian domination of Mesopotamia. It originated as a form of mystery worship of astronomical deities, including a father (or "original man") and great mother god, sometimes Venus, or, in an Egyptian-derived variant, Isis (Sirius). The number seven has mystical significance as the number of the five visible planets, plus the Sun and Moon.
In the form of the Gnostic heresy deployed against early Christianity, the primal or original man, becomes Christ. In some versions, such as that presented in the popular book, Holy Blood, Holy Grail, Christ did not die on the cross, but married Mary Magdalen, migrated to Europe, and had children, who became the British ruling family by way of d'Anjou and Plantagenet lineage. This published hoax is a variant on the form of British Israelism believed by many members of the British elite today. In another common variant, the actual Jews are thought to be the children of Eve's copulation with Satan (the serpent); the other descendants of Adam allegedly went elsewhere. In other versions, Christ did not marry, which is, itself, alleged to be an error.
Moon's religion is a syncretic variant upon these diverse Gnostic doctrines, created as a cult belief-structure, for purposes of mass manipulation. Moon believes that he is the Father of a "Third Testament Age." The first was tainted by Cain's crime against his brother. Christ failed to have children, and thus the Second Testament Age was not fulfilled. Father and Mother Moon (that is, Sun Myung and his second wife Hak Ja Han) are the parents of a new race of "blessed" people of the Third Testament Age. Although Moon apparently once thought he could father all the children single-handedly, age caught up with him. It was determined that he and his wife could become the parents of the new generation, by being present at mass blessings of marriages. Tens of thousands of couples may participate at one time. Moon, now 82, believes himself the Messiah, but not immortal. Therefore, these affairs must be conducted as widely and quickly as possible. A big one just occurred near Washington, D.C., Dec. 7, 2002.
That, folks, is the hard truth about the world's largest Gnostic Sex-Cult Freak Show.
Is your rabbi, imam, priest, or pastor co-habiting with the devil? Is he sporting a new gold watch, perhaps a new girlfriend, or a Moon-blessed wife? Do you, including the unchurched among you, imagine yourselves free of this influence? When was the last time you picked up a copy of a publication in science, culture, history, or any field of intellectual endeavor, that did not have the imprimatur of the Russell-Wells "no-soul gang" stamped all over it? Have you any independent thought respecting man and nature, which is not derived from, or influenced in some way, by the philosophical premises of the "no-soul" gang? Think about it. Much is riding on your conclusion.
The essential thesis for this report is contained in two groundbreaking historical studies by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.: "How Bertrand Russell Became an Evil Man," Fidelio, Fall 1994, and "Today's Nuclear Balance of Power: The Wells of Doom," EIR, Dec. 19, 1997. The author had the rich outline of these concepts rattling around his brain when he undertook recently to look into the origins of the Unity of the Sciences Movement. Discovering the Russell, Dewey, Hutchins, Niels Bohr nexus of control leading into the 1970 re-publication of Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions, the question arose: How did this operation become integrated into the Moonie empire, beginning 1972, with the prominent assistance of Leo Szilard's partner, Eugene Wigner? A re-reading of Wells' The Open Conspiracy, pointed to the significance of Buchman's Oxford Group/Moral Re-Armament Movement, which spawned the Moon cult, as the tactical realization of Wells' call for a mass peace movement. A closer look at the Unity of Science doctrine combined with the second part of Wells' "modern Bible scheme," his Science of Life, helped to answer a question which had been part of the immediate motivation for this research: Who killed science?
The EIR archive of unpublished reports dating back to 1978 proved an invaluable source of material. An overview was provided by re-reading of the 1980 work The New Dark Ages Conspiracy, a book-length elaboration by his collaborators of LaRouche's original thesis on the Russell-Wells "no-soul gang."
Sources consulted include:
Mark Burdman, "Why America Is Losing 'The Game,' " EIR, Sept. 22, 1989, a review of The Game Player: Confessions of the CIA's Original Political Operative, by Miles Copeland.
Shadia Drury, The Political Ideas of Leo Strauss (London: Macmillan, 1988).
Paul Goldstein, "The United States Fights Britain's Pacific Empire, 1820-1900," EIR, May 12, 1995.
Gerald Holton and Yehuda Elkana (eds.), Albert Einstein: Historical and Cultural Perspectives, The Centennial Symposium in Jerusalem (1979) (New York: Dover, 1997).
Alvin Johnson, Pioneer's Progress: An Autobiography (New York: Viking Press, 1952).
Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd edition (International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, vol. II , no. 2) (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970).
George Reisch, "From 'The Life of the Present' to the 'Icy Slopes of Logic': How the Cold War Killed Logical Empiricism" (www.iit.edu/departments/humanities ...), April 16, 2001.
Bertrand Russell, A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz (London: Routledge, 1992).
H.G. Wells, "The Idea of a League of Nations," The Atlantic, January 1919.
H.G. Wells, The Open Conspiracy, Blue Prints for a World Revolution, Second Version (London: Leonard and Virginia Woolf at The Hogarth Press, 1930).
H.G. Wells, Julian Huxley, G.P. Wells, The Science of Life, vol. III (New York: Doubleday, 1931).
Carol White, et al., The New Dark Ages Conspiracy (New York: New Benjamin Franklin House, 1980).
Kathy Wolfe, "Hamilton's Ghost Haunts Washington From Tokyo," EIR, Jan. 3, 1992.
Kevin Coogan, "Rockefeller's Fascist Christians: Jimmy Carter, Reverend Moon, and Frank Buchman"; "The Curious Friends of Reverend Moon," 1976-78.
Leo F. Scanlon, "Moon ICUS: Participants and Subject Material of the ICUS Conferences," 1986.
Scott Thompson, "Dossier: Unification Church," Feb. 8, 1987.
Kathy Wolfe, Sasagawa files
Lonnie Wolfe, "The Moonies and the Cult of Intelligence," Nov. 20, 2002.
 Statement by Reverend Moon at the Nov. 23, 1996 opening ceremony of Tiempos del Mundo newspaper in Buenos Aires.
 Russell's perversely warped attitudes toward his fellow man may find partial explanation in the perverse circumstances of his early life. Bertrand Russell was born on May 18, 1872. Before the age of four, he had lost both his parents, and in the midst of a shocking scandal, landed at the Richmond Parks Estate of his grandfather, Lord John Russell. The tale unfolded as follows.
When Bertrand's mother succumbed to diphtheria in 1874, the father John (Russell) Lord Amberley, anxious over his son's religious upbringing, appointed as guardians two men who were avowed atheists. The first was his own godfather, Cobden-Sanderson. The second was D.A. Spalding, a young biologist in the Huxley mold, specializing in the study of animal instincts. Spalding was already serving the Amberleys as tutor for Bertrand's older brother, and entered an advanced stage of consumption while in the family's employ.
When Bertrand's father died, two years after his mother, Lord Amberley's papers revealed the reason why Spalding could never become the legal guardian. As the adult Russell later described it: "Apparently upon grounds of pure theory, my father and mother decided that although [Spalding] ought to remain childless on account of his tuberculosis, it was unfair to expect him to remain celibate. My mother, therefore, allowed him to live with her, though I know of no evidence that she derived any pleasure from doing so." Upon disclosure of this matter after the father's death, both Spalding and Cobden-Sanderson renounced their claims, and the young Russell thus ended up with his wicked grandfather. (See, Ronald W. Clark, The Life of Bertrand Russell [New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1976], pp. 23-26.)
There is a reason behind every evil. To know what makes an adversary so, as Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 3 explains the case for the consummate tyrant Richard III, is to better know how to bring forth good from his defeat.
 Experiments in Autobiography, p. 653, cited in Carol White, et al., The New Dark Ages Conspiracy (New York: New Benjamin Franklin House, 1980).
 The manuscript of Deeks' work, The Web of the World's Romance, had been received at Macmillan publishers in, Toronto at the same time that Wells claims to have begun work on his history, published a year and-a-half later by Macmillan, New York. When Miss Deeks received her rejected manuscript, after an eight-month wait, it was tattered and dog-eared. A year or so later, when Wells' Outline of History appeared, Miss Deeks noticed extraordinary similarities to her own work, even to the repeating of certain errors she had later corrected, and the use of passages she had taken (she feared, too liberally) from John Richard Green's Short History.
Lawsuits brought in six different jurisdictions from Toronto to London were all to no avail against the powerful connections of Wells. Wells could not afford to admit his guilt. The fortune he made from this work established his financial security. See A.B. McKillop, The Spinster and the Prophet: H.G. Wells, Florence Deeks, and the Case of the Plagiarized Text (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2002).
 The charge of Hess's membership in Buchman's cult is both credible and interesting. Long before he met Hitler, Hess was a member of satanist Aleister Crowley's Isis cult, known as the Ordo Templi Orientes, which crossed over into Crowley's satanic Order of the Golden Dawn, popular among students at Cambridge and Oxford. Born in Egypt, Hess bought an Egyptian sarcophagus for his burial, but proved too tall to fit in it; when he died, his legs had to be amputated and buried separately.
After the Munich putsch of 1923, Hess shared a jail cell with Hitler for nine months at the same time Mein Kampf was being written, by aid of frequent visits from its real author, Bertrand Russell's friend Karl Haushofer. Recall that Mein Kampf foresaw an alliance between Germany and England to fight the Russian peril. It is supposed that Hess helped Hitler, to a deeper understanding of the occult.
When Hess parachuted into Scotland in 1941, to seek a separate peace, he landed at the estate of the Duke of Hamilton, one of many former Nazis among the British aristocracy. Hess was representing a group of army officers and industrialists who wanted to save Germany from what they saw as sure defeat under Hitler. But Churchill would have none of it—he wanted Europe to bleed a good while longer. Hess was imprisoned in Britain for the remainder of the war.
 Charles Madge was a surrealist poet, who received British government funding, in the late 1930s, for a new type of sociology project he called "Mass Observations." The project came under direction of anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski, and was later brought under the auspices of the London Tavistock Institute. Tavistock was founded in 1921 as a London clinic specializing in treatment of shell-shock victims from World War I. In World War II, the clinic became the core of the Psychiatric Division of the British Army under direction of Brig. John Rawlings Rees. After the war, many of the leading brainwashers were dispatched to the United States to work on the secret mind-control projects of the Pentagon and CIA, including the MK-Ultra project for the study of LSD and hallucinogens. One of the major projects was a historical review of cults as a means of social control.
 Cf. Anton Chaitkin, "The Mob That Moon Really Married," EIR, Dec. 12, 1997.
 "America is our Father," wrote Fukuzawa in Japan's first newspaper Jiji Shinpo, which he founded. "I regard the human being as the most sacred and responsible of all orders, unable therefore, in reason, to do anything base. So in self-respect, a man cannot change his sense of humanity, his loyalty, or anything belonging to his man-hood, even when driven by circumstances to do so," Fukuzawa wrote. Another leader of the Meiji group, Shigenobu Okuma, wrote in his study Fifty Years of the New Japan that without the "U.S.A. as chaperone," Japan might be just another colonial satrapy. (Kathy Wolfe, "Hamilton's Ghost Haunts Washington from Tokyo," EIR, Jan. 3, 1992.)
 While American students are now taught the treasonous falsehood that British East India Company employee Adam Smith was the founder of their economic system, Japanese students still learn of the real American System, and study the works of Alexander Hamilton, E. Peshine Smith, Friedrich List, and others. The relative strength of Japanese industrial-productive capability (up through the recent onset of a depression caused by acquiescence to globalist, monetarist demands), as compared to America's long-dead productive economy, derived from Japan's continued emphasis on the American System in its economics and industrial engineering training.
 England succeeded in pulling Japan behind her in the First World War. The United States entry on behalf of England meant postponing the U.S.-Japanese military confrontation sought by the British. But the two principal military defense plans of the United States in the 1920s and into the 1930s were War Plan Red and War Plan Orange. The first was for the contingency of a British attack; the second, in case of a Japanese attack.
 See, Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., "How Bertrand Russell Became an Evil Man: Reflections Upon Tragedy and Hope," Fidelio, Fall 1994, for a precisely focussed historical-philosophical treatment. This was LaRouche's first major work, after emerging from a five-year imprisonment arranged by friends of Henry Kissinger.
 See, Jeffrey Steinberg, "From Cybernetics to Littleton: Techniques of Mind Control," EIR, May 5, 2000, for a shocking report of the premeditated brainwashing of America carried out by the disciples of Wells, Russell, Huxley, et al.
Also see, Michael J. Minnicino, "The New Dark Age: The Frankfurt School and 'Political Correctness,' " Fidelio, Winter 1992.
 Ever since Thomas Huxley pressed the recluse Charles Darwin to write up his disparate observations in the form of a racialist theory of evolution, the guidelines for biology have been the same. Assert: 1) that man is not different from a beast; 2) that living processes are not distinct from randomly ordered physical processes. The modern project to turn biology into a subset of inorganic physics, known as molecular biology, got under way in the 1940s under the leadership of two retooled physicists of the "no-soul" gang, Niels Bohr's student Max Delbruck, and Leo Szilard. The two guided subsequent developments, Szilard by dominating 1950s sessions at the Long Island, N.Y. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (originally named the Cold Spring Harbor Eugenics Laboratory, when it was inaugurated under Harriman and Rockefeller family funding).
Later, that administrative role passed on to James D. Watson. Watson, who bragged in his book The Double Helix, of stealing his leads for the structure of DNA from private letters of Linus Pauling, was a product of Deweyite elementary education and the University of Chicago High School, before moving on to Hutchins' University. "The devil made me do it," might be his most honest line of defense.
 Some scholars believe this is the origin of the term, No-bell Prize.
 Wigner had known Szilard since school days in Budapest, when the two supported the short-lived Communist revolution of Bela Kun. In 1938, Wigner joined Szilard in talking Einstein into signing the famous letter to President Roosevelt, which caused Roosevelt to begin the secret Manhattan Project to build the atomic bomb. Most of the scientists working on it thought they had to, to prevent Hitler from getting it first. Szilard and Wigner wanted the bomb for Wells and Russell's reason: to attain the superweapon that could force nations to submit to a world empire. Wigner was later the beneficiary of $200,000 in honoraria from Moon.
 Russell's 1913 work should long ago have been withdrawn from sale, and full refunds issued to all purchasers. In 1931, Kurt Gödel toppled the ivory tower of Russell's formal-logical utopia, and in principle all of logical-positivism, in a work entitled "On Formally Undecidable Propositions of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems."
Gödel, although a devoted follower of Leibniz, restricted himself in that work to a formal-logical refutation of Russell's doctrine. Russell was, thus, devastatingly refuted on his own chosen field of battle. However, the underlying assumption of Russell, that truth can be expressed by means of a formal system, had already been refuted 2,500 years earlier in Plato's series of dialectical refutations of the Eleatic school, culminating in the Parmenides.
Preceding the Principia Mathematica, Russell had authored a book-length attack on the philosophy of Gottfried Leibniz, and a failed attempt to refute Carl Friedrich Gauss's leading student, Bernhard Riemann, on the subject of geometry.
 Albert Wohlstetter became the intellectual father of two naughty children: Richard Perle, and the insane doctrine known as Discriminate Deterrence. Wohlstetter was a graduate student of Ernest Nagel at Columbia, and a member of a Trotskyist splinter group called the League for a Revolutionary Party, headed by B.J. Fields. He broke with that, and in the early 1950s began his career in the Rand Corporation.
The Rand think-tank was an outgrowth of the same Russell-Wells Utopian circles which had pushed for the napalm bombing of civilian populations in Germany, and the needless and cruel dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Wohlstetter became a leader in that grouping of military incompetents who specialized in devising gaming scenarios, whereby the U.S. would supposedly get an advantage over the Soviets in the Cold War, without actually exploiting any new physical principle. It was all modeled on the ideas of Wells, Russell, and Szilard.
The other child looked human, even to the big, pouty face. Richard Perle met Wohlstetter when he was a teenager in California in the 1950s, dating his daughter. He dropped the daughter but kept on with her father. "It was a close personal friendship, as well as an intellectual relationship," the Washington Post of Nov. 24, 1987 explained. "Wohlstetter's ideas became Perle's ideas; his network Perle's; and, as Perle travelled through the bureaucratic catacombs of Washington, his first mentor remained on call."
Today Perle's views include his frequent calls for unilateral, pre-emptive strikes against Iran, Iraq, and any other Islamic country he chooses, with or without evidence. Perle is a Vietnam era draft dodger, which seems to qualify him to chair the Defense Policy Board. In that capacity, he is a frequent traveller abroad purporting to represent the views of the United States.
 Neurath was a Viennese communist. In his late 1920s manifesto, titled Wissenschaftliche Weltauffassung (Scientific World Outlook), he spelled out the movement's aims:
"[T]he goal ahead is unified science. The endeavour is to link and harmonize the achievements of individual investigators in their various fields of science. From this aim follows the emphasis on collective efforts, and also the emphasis on what can be grasped intersubjectively; from this springs the search for a neutral system of formulae, for a symbolism freed from the slag of historical languages. Neatness and clarity are strived for, and dark distances and unfathomable depths rejected."
Striving for "neatness and clarity," Neurath himself would soon be working on his greatest contribution, the icon system known as ISOTYPE, which would allow one to distinguish the men's room from the ladies' in international airports.
 Kuhn's book, still widely read on campuses today, was first published by the University of Chicago Press in 1962, as Volume 2, Number 2 of the Encyclopedia of Unified Science; it was reissued by the same press in 1970, and subsequently.
The fraud behind Kuhn's popularized term "paradigm shift" is very simple. Kuhn does not believe in truth. Apart from his incompetent interpretation of nearly every actual breakthrough in science, Kuhn does not suppose any such breakthrough to be a matter of actual human progress. Kuhn's "normal science" is H.G. Wells' doctrine of the scientist as "worker bee," as elaborated in The Open Conspiracy.