..Larouche Online Almanac
Published: Tuesday, Aug.22, 2006

Volume 5, Issue Number 34

*Sponsored by LaRouchePAC

This Week You Need To Know:

What Is an Economic 'System'?
Dynamics & Economy
by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.

August 15, 2006

This piece is, if only by implication, a prologue for the LaRouche Political Action Committee (LPAC) web conference to be broadcast from Berlin, Germany as part of related events held there during the interval of Sept. 6-8, 2006. The present written piece here, serves both as an expanded summary of a particular, crucially pivotal point featured within the three-hour address and diplomatic form of discussion there, but is intended for publication separately.

Foreword: On the Subject of Riemannian Physical Economy

By the mid-1930s, the founder of what is now that crucially significant branch of modern physical science known as Biogeochemistry, Russia's Academician V.I. Vernadsky, had already reported the following: that living processes are distinguished, experimentally, from ordinary notions of chemistry, by recognizing the fact that living processes are organized as a dynamic process, and that in special ways, ways which defy the modern reductionist's stubborn faith in a mechanistic, "mathematical-statistical" domain.

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Recent LaRouche Webcasts*

"Rohatyn as Satan" July 20, 2006
"Emergency Actions Required by Congress" June 9, 2006
"The Greatest Economic Crisis in Modern History" Apr. 27, 2006
"Make a Platonic Revolution to Save Our Civilization" Feb. 23, 2006
"Rebuild a Looted U.S. Economy"
video: Baltimore: from Industrial Powerhouse to Death Zones
Jan. 11, 2006
"The Tasks Before Us in the Post-Cheney Era"
Videos: US Dams, US Nuclear Plants
Nov. 16, 2005
"Rediscovering America: The Lessons of LaRouche's Famous Oct. 12, 1988 Forecast" Oct. 12, 2005
Sept. 16, 2005
Emergency Webcast,
"Pulling This Nation Together Now!"
Sept. 3, 2005
"LaRouche Addresses Urgent Changes in Economic and Monetary Policy"
Short video (WMA format)
June 16, 2005
April 7, 2005
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This Week in
American History

August 22 — 28, 1856

Lincoln Campaigns for the Republican Party's First Presidential Bid

During the summer and fall of 1856, Abraham Lincoln travelled extensively, campaigning for the election of John C. Fremont as President, on the newly-formed Republican Party ticket. On August 27, Lincoln delivered an address at Kalamazoo, Michigan which summed up the reasons for defeating the Democratic candidate, James Buchanan, who had no objection to the spread of slavery into the national territories.

The question of slavery in the territories was an old one, and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 had forbidden slavery in the states which would be formed out of the Northwest Territory, which was located north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 had forbidden slavery in the Louisiana Territory, which had been acquired from Spain, but the Southern states continued to lobby for slavery's expansion west.

A crisis was reached in 1849, when California applied for admission as a free state. To preserve the union, Henry Clay and Daniel Webster put together a series of bills, known as the Compromise of 1850, which admitted California as a free state and abolished the slave trade in the District of Columbia. But the compromise also granted concessions to the South: Utah and New Mexico could enter the Union as either free or slave states; the Federal government assumed the debt incurred by Texas during its brief nationhood; and a new and harsher fugitive slave law was passed.

Although the Fugitive Slave Law was abhorred by many, the compromise held for four years, until Democratic U.S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois introduced and rammed through the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and President Franklin Pierce signed it. This act invalidated the Missouri Compromise by providing that the territory from which the states of Kansas, Nebraska, North and South Dakota, Montana, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming were later formed, was to be organized into two large sections called Kansas and Nebraska. The issue of slavery in these two sections was to be determined not by Congress, but by the people who would settle there. This method of spreading slavery was labelled "popular sovereignty" by Senator Douglas.

Abraham Lincoln, who had been active mostly behind the scenes as a Whig Party strategist, and had served as a Whig National Committeeman for Illinois during the 1852 Presidential campaign, now determined to challenge Douglas and his ideology at every point. When Douglas came back to Illinois to defend his actions, Lincoln answered his speeches with those of his own, usually on the same day or evening. At Peoria, Illinois on October 16, 1854, Lincoln stated that the Kansas-Nebraska Act was "wrong in its direct effect, letting slavery into Kansas and Nebraska, and wrong in its prospective principle, allowing it to spread to every other part of the wide world where men can be found inclined to take it."

"This declared indifference, but, as I must think, covert real zeal, for the spread of slavery," said Lincoln, "I cannot but hate. I hate it because of the monstrous injustice of slavery itself. I hate it because it deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world; enables the enemies of free institutions with plausibility to taunt us as hypocrites; causes the real friends of freedom to doubt our sincerity; and especially because it forces so many men among ourselves into an open war with the very fundamental principles of civil liberty, criticizing the Declaration of Independence, and insisting that there is no right principle of action but self-interest."

Although many Americans were appalled by the Kansas-Nebraska Act, they were scattered among a multitude of parties. Lincoln himself was a Whig, a proponent of the American System of Political Economy and a supporter of Henry Clay. But Clay died in 1852, at a time when the Whig Party was already beginning to decline. During the severe economic recession of 1854-1855, a number of nativist parties had sprung up, fearful of competition from recent immigrants. These were grouped together under the name of "Know-Nothings." In addition, there were the Abolitionists, and also Democrats who, despite their party's endorsement of the legislation, opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

Lincoln knew it was important to unite all these factions against the Kansas-Nebraska Act, no matter how much they might differ on other issues. There were many attempts during 1854 and the following years to put together "fusion" parties, but the real success came with the formation of the Republican Party. Lincoln played an interesting role in this process, and he took a different route than others with the same goal in mind.

In January of 1856, a call went out to the editors of what were now called "Anti-Nebraska" newspapers, to meet and plan for the next presidential election. The meeting took place at Decatur, Illinois on February 22, and Abraham Lincoln was the only non-journalist in attendance. Using Lincoln's advice, the newspapermen drafted a declaration that called for the restoration of the Missouri Compromise, upheld the constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave Act, and pledged non-interference with slavery in the states where it already existed. The declaration also affirmed the "free soil" doctrine that stated that the United States was founded on the principle that freedom was national, and that slavery was exceptional.

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The Treaty of Westphalia Approach to Mideast Peace
This press release was issued by the LaRouche Political Action Committee on Aug. 13, titled 'LaRouche Gives Full Support to Yossi Beilin Proposal.'

Peace of Westphalia Is a Model for Today
by Helga Zepp-LaRouche

Editors' note: In the context of the Israel-Lebanon ceasefire and Yossi Beilin's call for a 'Madrid II' conference on Mideast peace, it is vital to emphasize the principles of the Treaty of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years' War of 1618-48—religious wars which had ravaged Europe. We therefore reprint excerpts here of a speech given by Mrs. LaRouche to an EIR seminar in Washington on May 5, 1999, entitled 'After the NATO Summit, What Next? The Post-Balkan War Perspective.'

Westphalia Principle: From Madrid to Oslo
by Harley Schlanger

The original Madrid peace conference, which convened Oct. 30, 1991, under U.S. direction, adjourned with little apparent progress in December of that year. It had been undermined by the intransigent behavior of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, who made it clear, both in his defiant opening statement, and in his continuing effort to move more Jewish settlers into the occupied territories, that he had no intention of reaching an agreement with any of the participants at the conference.

Lebanon Debacle Sends Israel Into Disarray
by Dean Andromidas

The ceasefire between Israel and Hezbollah that ended four weeks of bloody conflict, has ignited a brutal political backlash in Israel, as the scope of the war's failures sinks into the Israeli consciousness. Commentators are comparing the backlash to that of the October 1973 Arab-Israeli war, in which Syria, and especially Egypt, delivered a military blow to an arrogant Israel, which many say led Israel in 1979 to return the Sinai Peninsula in exchange for a peace treaty with Egypt.

LaRouche's 30-Year Efforts for Mideast Peace and Development
This timeline emphasizes Lyndon LaRouche's programmatic efforts with regard to the Middle East, which have always been based upon the principle that economic development in the mutual interest of all parties in the conflict ('the benefit of the other') is the only foundation upon which peace can be achieved. Of course, LaRouche has also focussed his fire against those who have sabotaged such potential—most notably the British and synarchist bankers, plus now, the insane Bush-Cheney Administration.

  • The Promise of Oslo, And Today, Lies in LaRouche's Oasis Plan
    by EIR Staff

    Adapted from EIR, Nov. 26, 2004.
    From1976 forward, economist Lyndon LaRouche had argued that the only possible route to a lasting, or developing, peace between the Palestinians and the Israelis, would be through the adoption of an economic development plan that would demonstrate to both populations that the conditions of peace and cooperation were to the benefit of themselves, and their posterity.


Put Out the Flames of the Oligarchy's Thirty Years'War
by Helga Zepp-LaRouche

The following is an excerpt from Mrs. LaRouche's keynote speech to the Schiller Institute/International Caucus of Labor Committees Presidents' Day weekend conference on Feb. 19, 2005, in which she demonstrated that a new Thirty Years' War had already begun, and indicated the lessons we can learn from Schiller's Classical drama of the 1618-48 Thirty Years' War, and the Treaty of Westphalia which ended it, to deal with the present crisis situation in the world. The full text is in EIR, March 11, 2005.


Dynamics & Economy
by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.

August 15, 2006
This piece is, if only by implication, a prologue for the LaRouche Political Action Committee (LPAC) web conference to be broadcast from Berlin, Germany as part of related events held there during the interval of Sept. 6-8, 2006. The present written piece here, serves both as an expanded summary of a particular, crucially pivotal point featured within the three-hour address and diplomatic form of discussion there, but is intended for publication separately.


NYC's Big MAC: Rohatyn's Model for Destroying Gov't
by Marcia Merry Baker
In March this year, an article in the American Journal of Public Health (AJPH) presented the results of a study showing specifics of the 'excess burden of disease' caused in New York City over 20 years, by the drastic austerity policies initiated by the 1975 Municipal Assistance Corporation ('Big MAC'), the private bankers' agency created and steered by Felix Rohatyn. The authors of the study, who are New York City-based health experts, warn: 'As city, state, and federal governments again face deficits and propose deep cuts in services, it seems particularly urgent to avoid a repetition of the 1975 decisions that so damaged New York City's health.'

Bush Sees Katrina as Pretext for Reducing Health-Care Infrastructure
by Patricia Salisbury

At an Aug. 7 press conference, officers and physicans associated with the National Association of Community Health Centers (NACHC) presented a devastating picture of the failure to rebuild the most basic health infrastructure along the U.S. Gulf Coast, and its consequences for the health of the devastated survivors, almost a year after the Hurricane Katrina disaster. They also pointed to maneuvers on the part of the Bush Administration to use the catastrophe to accelerate the takedown of the nation's hospitals and other parts of the high-technology medical base...

German Court Ruling Is Setback to Privatizers
by Rainer Apel

On July 27, the district court in Konstanz, Germany, made an important ruling in the case of the July 1, 2002 air crash that occurred over U¨ berlingen, and killed 69 children aboard a Russian-Bashkirian airliner and the two pilots of a colliding FedEx freight plane. The court determined that Germany must pay compensation to the relatives of the victims, as well as to the airlines affected. Even more important in its implications, the court ruled out the German government's argument that the Swiss Skyguide control was to blame, because it was in charge of that section of airspace in the SwissGerman border region. Air control, the court stated, belongs to the 'genuine sovereignty tasks of the state.'


Russian TV Airs LaRouche Warnings on Mideast War
On the evening of Aug. 16, Russia's biggest prime-time TV news show featured warnings from Lyndon LaRouche, and his magazine, Executive Intelligence Review. LaRouche, who had been interviewed that morning by Russia's First Channel (1TV), was shown on the 9:00 p.m. Vremya program. He was quoted, along with other experts, including former Russian Prime Minister Yevgeni Primakov, on the previous weekend's truce in Lebanon.


Retired Military, Diplomats Demand Policy Change on Iran
by Jeff Steinberg

A prestigious group of 22 retired generals, admirals, and ambassadors has released an open letter to President Bush on Aug. 17, demanding a fundamental policy change towards Iran and Iraq.

Interview: Gen. Joseph Hoar
It Is Diplomacy or A No-Win Situation

Jeffrey Steinberg interviewed General Hoar on Aug. 17, 2006, after a conference call by General Hoar and others to announce the release of an open letter signed by him and 21 other former military and government officials urging President Bush to change his failed policy toward Iran and in the war in Iraq.

Science and Technology:

Exploring the Moon Through International Cooperation
An international conference in Beijing at the end of July mapped out how to coordinate the global campaign that is under way for exploring the Moon. Marsha Freeman reports.


The Mad Hatter's War Party
President George W. Bush interrupted his conversations with burning shrubs at his Crawford, Texas ranch the week of Aug. 14, long enough to return to Washington for a series of high-profile Cabinet meetings and thoroughly scripted public appearances. His brief sojourn back to the White House demonstrated—in living color—that the President has truly gone stark-raving mad.

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